Study of Thoracoscopic Repair of Diaphragmatic Eventration in Children: A Case Series
AbstractBackground: To present a case series of children with eventration of diaphragm who underwent thoracoscopic repair highlighting the technical points and surgical modifications to prevent a recurrence.Settings and Design: This is an observational study of patients with diaphragmatic eventration admitted to a tertiary care institute. The study was designed following CARE guidelines endorsed by EQUATOR Network. Pediatric patients who had undergone thoracoscopic repair between January 2010 and March 2019 were included in the study.Materials and Methods: Age at surgery, gender, weight, site of the lesion, operating time, need for postoperative drain, and complications were assessed.Results: Twenty-six patients had thoracoscopic repair of the eventration of diaphragm. The male–female ratio was 12:1 and mean weight at the time of surgery was 6.3 kg (2.2–22 kg) with most patients having left side congenital diaphragmatic eventration (n = 21) as compared with the right side (n = 5). The average operating time was 66 minutes (37–144 minutes).Conclusions: Diaphragm plication by a thoracoscopic approach is safe and feasible in neonates and pediatric patients.