Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture Versus Sham Acupuncture in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture Versus Sham Acupuncture in Autism Spectrum Disorder Objective: We aim to study the efficacy of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: A single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in 50 children. These children were randomly assigned to the treatment group with tongue acupuncture (40 sessions over 8 weeks) or the control group (sham tongue acupuncture to nonacupoints in the tongue). Results: There was improvement in both the treatment and control groups in all assessed measures but more so in the treatment than in the control group: (1) eye–hand coordination, performance, and practical reasoning of Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale; (2) sensory-motor, social, affectual, language, and total score of Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Scale; (3) Comprehension Language age in the Reynell Language Developmental Scale; and (4) Total Score and Mental Age in Symbolic Play Test. The only statistically significant improvement in the treatment as compared to the control group was seen in self-care and cognition domains of the Functional Independence Measure for children. Conclusions: We had demonstrated that a short course of acupuncture had efficacy in improving various developmental and behavioral aspects of children with autism. The long-term efficacy in functional gain needs to be further explored. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Mary Ann Liebert

Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture Versus Sham Acupuncture in Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture Versus Sham Acupuncture in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abstract

Objective: We aim to study the efficacy of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: A single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in 50 children. These children were randomly assigned to the treatment group with tongue acupuncture (40 sessions over 8 weeks) or the control group (sham tongue acupuncture to nonacupoints in the tongue). Results: There was improvement in both the treatment and control groups in all assessed measures but more so in the treatment than in the control group: (1) eye–hand coordination, performance, and practical reasoning of Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale; (2) sensory-motor, social, affectual, language, and total score of Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Scale; (3) Comprehension Language age in the Reynell Language Developmental Scale; and (4) Total Score and Mental Age in Symbolic Play Test. The only statistically significant improvement in the treatment as compared to the control group was seen in self-care and cognition domains of the Functional Independence Measure for children. Conclusions: We had demonstrated that a short course of acupuncture had efficacy in improving various developmental and behavioral aspects of children with autism. The long-term efficacy in functional gain needs to be further explored.
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Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert
Copyright
Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Subject
Original Articles
ISSN
1075-5535
eISSN
1557-7708
D.O.I.
10.1089/acm.2007.0768
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objective: We aim to study the efficacy of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in children with autism spectrum disorder. Methods: A single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in 50 children. These children were randomly assigned to the treatment group with tongue acupuncture (40 sessions over 8 weeks) or the control group (sham tongue acupuncture to nonacupoints in the tongue). Results: There was improvement in both the treatment and control groups in all assessed measures but more so in the treatment than in the control group: (1) eye–hand coordination, performance, and practical reasoning of Griffiths Mental Developmental Scale; (2) sensory-motor, social, affectual, language, and total score of Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Scale; (3) Comprehension Language age in the Reynell Language Developmental Scale; and (4) Total Score and Mental Age in Symbolic Play Test. The only statistically significant improvement in the treatment as compared to the control group was seen in self-care and cognition domains of the Functional Independence Measure for children. Conclusions: We had demonstrated that a short course of acupuncture had efficacy in improving various developmental and behavioral aspects of children with autism. The long-term efficacy in functional gain needs to be further explored.

Journal

The Journal of Alternative and Complementary MedicineMary Ann Liebert

Published: May 1, 2010

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