192 LANGUAGe , v OLUMe 95, NUMBe R 1 (2019) Borrowing: Loanwords in the speech community and in the grammar. By Shana Pop- lack. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xix, 223. is BN 90780190256388. $39.95. Reviewed by Bernd Heine, University of Cologne The study of borrowing in particular and of language mixing in general has a long history of re- search (e.g. Haugen 1950, Haspelmath & Tadmor 2009), and this history is characterized by a pervasive lack of consensus. w hile there seems to be general agreement that loanword borrowing constitutes the clearly preferred mixing strategy in the languages of the world, there remain many questions that the student of borrowing is confronted with. Most of these questions are taken up in the book under review and are subjected to empirical scrutiny, based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of a staggering 43,000 tokens of other- language items in the speech of nearly 500 bilingual individuals. The framework of analysis on which the book rests is provided by variation theory, one of whose central concerns is with ex- plaining asymmetry in linguistic form-function relations. s hana Poplack characterizes her ap- proach as sociolinguistic in nature, aiming to reconstruct
Language – Linguistic Society of America
Published: Mar 15, 2019
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