<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height:normal;mso-layout-grid-align:none;text-autospace:none"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"AdvOTecfccdcf_I",sans-serif;mso-bidi-font-family:AdvOTecfccdcf_I">WTOMembers have adopted various trade-related measures under their domestic lawsin response to the outbreak of Covid-19. The article discusses ways to exemptor justify quantitative export restrictions or bans which are in principleprohibited by Article XI:1 GATT.To this end, it sheds a light on the differentscopes and requirements of Article XI:2 (a), Article XX (b) and ( j) GATT, as wellas of Article XXI (b) (iii) GATT. The article finds that the GATT provides asolid legal framework for both the exemption and justification for Covid-19related trade measures; additionally, it raises the question of whether ArticleXXI (b) (iii) GATT likewise provides an appropriate legal basis to justifyCovid-19 related trade restrictions.
Legal Issues of Economic Integration – Kluwer Law International
Published: May 1, 2021