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Cross-Sectional Investigations of Pre- and Post-Operative Renal Global Function and Renal Parenchymal Volumetry in Both Partial and Radical Nephrectomy Utilizing Film-Based Technology

Cross-Sectional Investigations of Pre- and Post-Operative Renal Global Function and Renal... Objectives: To investigate pre- and post-operative renal global function and renal parenchymal volume (RPV) in both partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) utilizing film-based technology. Patients and Methods: The patient cohort consisted of 81 and 82 cases with T1 tumors (≤ 7 cm) treated by PN and RN, respectively. Renal global function was assessed using the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and RPV was measured using a Synapse Vincent volumetric analyzer which creates a reconstructed image from a computed tomography scan. Renal global function and RPV were evaluated pre-operatively and 6 months post-operatively. Results: The percent eGFR decline of PN cases was significantly reduced compared with RN cases (p < 0.0001). Post-operative RPV of the contralateral side was significantly increased compared with pre-operative RPV (p < 0.0001) in RN cases. The percent change of the contralat-eral side RPV was slightly increased in RN compared with PN cases (p = 0.1881). A strong positive correlation was noted between post-operative eGFR and post-operative total RPV (r = 0.69, p < 0.0001), and a strong negative correlation was noted between percent eGFR decline and post-operative total RPV (r = -0.63, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Prominent compensatory renal hypertrophy occurred within 6 months after RN. Post-operative renal functional outcome was closely correlated with the post-operative total RPV. In addition to RPV, further studies to unravel post-operative renal function from multifactorial aspects including surgical factors and intrinsic medical disease should be performed in the future. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Urology Karger

Cross-Sectional Investigations of Pre- and Post-Operative Renal Global Function and Renal Parenchymal Volumetry in Both Partial and Radical Nephrectomy Utilizing Film-Based Technology

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References (19)

Publisher
Karger
Copyright
© 2019 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN
1661-7649
eISSN
1661-7657
DOI
10.1159/000489430
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate pre- and post-operative renal global function and renal parenchymal volume (RPV) in both partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) utilizing film-based technology. Patients and Methods: The patient cohort consisted of 81 and 82 cases with T1 tumors (≤ 7 cm) treated by PN and RN, respectively. Renal global function was assessed using the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and RPV was measured using a Synapse Vincent volumetric analyzer which creates a reconstructed image from a computed tomography scan. Renal global function and RPV were evaluated pre-operatively and 6 months post-operatively. Results: The percent eGFR decline of PN cases was significantly reduced compared with RN cases (p < 0.0001). Post-operative RPV of the contralateral side was significantly increased compared with pre-operative RPV (p < 0.0001) in RN cases. The percent change of the contralat-eral side RPV was slightly increased in RN compared with PN cases (p = 0.1881). A strong positive correlation was noted between post-operative eGFR and post-operative total RPV (r = 0.69, p < 0.0001), and a strong negative correlation was noted between percent eGFR decline and post-operative total RPV (r = -0.63, p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Prominent compensatory renal hypertrophy occurred within 6 months after RN. Post-operative renal functional outcome was closely correlated with the post-operative total RPV. In addition to RPV, further studies to unravel post-operative renal function from multifactorial aspects including surgical factors and intrinsic medical disease should be performed in the future.

Journal

Current UrologyKarger

Published: Jan 1, 2019

Keywords: Partial nephrectomy; Radical nephrectomy; Renal insuficiency; Renal tumor

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