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EnvironmEntal Policy and law, 39/2 (2009) NA TIONAL AFFAIRS Botswana – Legal and Institutional Arrangements – by Nixon Sifuna* The present and future survival of wildlife1 in many parts of the world and especially in African countries depends in a large measure on the favour of the people, particularly local communities, in their everyday contact with it. While wildlife is an important resource for economic and social development, some wild animals do cause damage to people and property such as livestock and infrastructure.2 The resultant losses often arouse negative feelings against wildlife, such that the people are unlikely to support conservation. These negative feelings sometimes lead to retaliatory attacks on the animals, some of which are protected by international instruments. It is important therefore that there are appropriate and efficient policy, legal and institutional frameworks that address wildlife damage. The absence of such frameworks, or their inefficiency, is likely to increase tension between wildlife authorities and local communities when people adopt measures that the authorities do not approve of. The trend is that initially, incidents of wildlife depredation result in heavy losses to people, who appear to be the victims, but later wild animals become the real victims http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Policy and Law IOS Press

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