SHAPING THE ADVANCED PRACTICE PSYCHIATRIC-MENTAL HEALTH NURSING ROLE: A FUTURISTIC MODEL
AbstractAs advanced practice psychiatric-mental health nursing has transitioned from earlier models of practice, elements of clinical specialist and psychiatric nurse practitioner roles are being blended to produce a new type of practitioner. The challenge of preserving mental health expertise while expanding advanced practice primary and primary mental health care competencies is addressed in several nursing education models. At New York University's Division of Nursing, faculty have designed a program around elements identified as essential to the autonomy demanded of the evolving role, knowledge, and skills basic to broad based health care and mental health care delivery with quality patient care outcomes and the competencies necessary for accountability as care providers in a changing health care delivery system. Essential elements, resources to identify them, and strategies to attain them are discussed. Approaches that promote student, clinician, and faculty development and maximize education affirm the specialty's capacity for innovation and the profession's capacity for new direction and futuristic change.