Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Vulnerability assessment of small community water systems in Puerto Rico

Vulnerability assessment of small community water systems in Puerto Rico In Puerto Rico, about 3% of the population gets its drinking water from 250 small community water systems. The simplicity of design, remote location and the threat of natural disasters requires a vulnerability assessment to minimise damage in the eventuality of these and terrorism acts. The objective of this study was to assess the vulnerability of 40 community water systems using a methodology developed for these aqueducts. The purpose was to determine the degree of vulnerability and the steps to minimise it in the event of natural or manmade disasters. An emergency response plan was developed for each system. The results showed that the majority of the systems had a high risk level value. An analysis of the results showed that the methodology failed to take into account factors such as requirement vs. necessity, which may have flawed the absolute value of the criticality and vulnerability of each system. Keywords: community water system; vulnerability; criticality; emergency response plan; ERP; Puerto Rico. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Alicea-Martínez, A. and Rios, R.A. (2016) `Vulnerability assessment of small community water systems in Puerto Rico', Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp.132­148. Biographical notes: Adaíl Alicea-Martínez http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Interdisciplinary Environmental Review Inderscience Publishers

Vulnerability assessment of small community water systems in Puerto Rico

Vulnerability assessment of small community water systems in Puerto Rico


In Puerto Rico, about 3% of the population gets its drinking water from 250 small community water systems. The simplicity of design, remote location and the threat of natural disasters requires a vulnerability assessment to minimise damage in the eventuality of these and terrorism acts. The objective of this study was to assess the vulnerability of 40 community water systems using a methodology developed for these aqueducts. The purpose was to determine the degree of vulnerability and the steps to minimise it in the event of natural or manmade disasters. An emergency response plan was developed for each system. The results showed that the majority of the systems had a high risk level value. An analysis of the results showed that the methodology failed to take into account factors such as requirement vs. necessity, which may have flawed the absolute value of the criticality and vulnerability of each system. Keywords: community water system; vulnerability; criticality; emergency response plan; ERP; Puerto Rico. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Alicea-Martínez, A. and Rios, R.A. (2016) `Vulnerability assessment of small community water systems in Puerto Rico', Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp.132­148. Biographical notes: Adaíl Alicea-Martínez is a doctoral student at the graduate program at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus. She has a Masters in Environmental Health and her interests are related to drinking water, specifically on private potable water systems in rural communities. She has been working with community water systems professionally and as a student since 2006. Rafael A. Rios holds a PhD in Environmental Engineering. Since 2007, he is the Director of the Environmental Sciences Department at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus. From 1980 to 2006, he worked as a federal monitor of the Puerto Rico Aqueducts and Sewers Authority (PRASA) and...
Loading next page...
 
/lp/inderscience-publishers/vulnerability-assessment-of-small-community-water-systems-in-puerto-SrCfB97GnN
Publisher
Inderscience Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
ISSN
1521-0227
eISSN
2042-6992
DOI
10.1504/IER.2016.076139
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In Puerto Rico, about 3% of the population gets its drinking water from 250 small community water systems. The simplicity of design, remote location and the threat of natural disasters requires a vulnerability assessment to minimise damage in the eventuality of these and terrorism acts. The objective of this study was to assess the vulnerability of 40 community water systems using a methodology developed for these aqueducts. The purpose was to determine the degree of vulnerability and the steps to minimise it in the event of natural or manmade disasters. An emergency response plan was developed for each system. The results showed that the majority of the systems had a high risk level value. An analysis of the results showed that the methodology failed to take into account factors such as requirement vs. necessity, which may have flawed the absolute value of the criticality and vulnerability of each system. Keywords: community water system; vulnerability; criticality; emergency response plan; ERP; Puerto Rico. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Alicea-Martínez, A. and Rios, R.A. (2016) `Vulnerability assessment of small community water systems in Puerto Rico', Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp.132­148. Biographical notes: Adaíl Alicea-Martínez

Journal

Interdisciplinary Environmental ReviewInderscience Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2016

There are no references for this article.