Organisational innovation is needed to facilitate technological innovation. This paper explores the obstacles to innovation in large organisations and argues for widespread recourse to smaller organisational units to stimulate innovation. A solution is proposed to organisational problems of promoting innovation identified in the paper; this involves the circulation of key personnel in innovation teams capable of crossing institutional barriers between large companies, academic departments and small high–technology firms. The authors' analysis of the innovation process questions whether, in the development of new technologies, pre–competitive and 'near–market' research are as distinct and separable as is assumed by those framing current funding policies. They raise the question of whether policies aimed at economies of scale in R&D may in certain cases fail to promote organisational conditions conducive to innovation.
International Journal of Technology Management – Inderscience Publishers
Published: Jan 1, 1990
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