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National policy and limits to popular dissent: the case of the F-35

National policy and limits to popular dissent: the case of the F-35 Grassroots movements protecting the environment in the US may gain local political traction when conceptualised as demands for discrete policy modification to remedy local impacts. In such cases, harm is visible and victims motivated. When local demands for reform contradict a national bipartisan consensus however, they are easily blocked irrespective of evidence or local democracy. At that point, activists must directly challenge fundamental tenants of national policy in order to succeed. Opposition to the basing F-35 fighter/bombers in Vermont exemplifies this dynamic. Opponents won municipal victories but were defeated at the federal level. Hesitant to be called unpatriotic, they failed to initially challenge American exceptionalism or the arms industry as foundations for national security and prosperity. Using participant observation, this paper explores the tactical and idelogical constraints faced by local environmental movements whose success requires deep structural change in national ideology and the economy. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Interdisciplinary Environmental Review Inderscience Publishers

National policy and limits to popular dissent: the case of the F-35

Interdisciplinary Environmental Review , Volume 20 (2): 17 – Jan 1, 2020

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Publisher
Inderscience Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © Inderscience Enterprises Ltd
ISSN
1521-0227
eISSN
2042-6992
DOI
10.1504/IER.2020.106153
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Grassroots movements protecting the environment in the US may gain local political traction when conceptualised as demands for discrete policy modification to remedy local impacts. In such cases, harm is visible and victims motivated. When local demands for reform contradict a national bipartisan consensus however, they are easily blocked irrespective of evidence or local democracy. At that point, activists must directly challenge fundamental tenants of national policy in order to succeed. Opposition to the basing F-35 fighter/bombers in Vermont exemplifies this dynamic. Opponents won municipal victories but were defeated at the federal level. Hesitant to be called unpatriotic, they failed to initially challenge American exceptionalism or the arms industry as foundations for national security and prosperity. Using participant observation, this paper explores the tactical and idelogical constraints faced by local environmental movements whose success requires deep structural change in national ideology and the economy.

Journal

Interdisciplinary Environmental ReviewInderscience Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2020

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