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Managing Mexico: the maquiladoras, environmental impoverishment, and the role of multinational corporations

Managing Mexico: the maquiladoras, environmental impoverishment, and the role of multinational... Mexico suffers from numerous environmental problems including air and water quality, sewage concerns, and high toxicity levels in soils. These troubles are intensified in the maquiladoras due to increased industrial activity and high population concentrations. To help mitigate the poor ecological conditions the Mexican government enacted the General Law in 1988. This legislation provided the framework for the Side Agreement incorporated in the North American Free Trade Agreement. The level of enforcement of regional and national laws dealing with environmental protection in Mexico are examined to ascertain whether such measures have positively altered the conditions along the border. Emphasis is given to the level of influence American–owned firms exercise in the maquiladoras, which may shape the enforcement of environmental laws. Connections among American MNCs, the Mexican government, maquiladora communities, and environmental degeneration are illustrated. The research demonstrates the complexity of ecological problems in Mexico beyond water and land pollution, and market failures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Interdisciplinary Environmental Review Inderscience Publishers

Managing Mexico: the maquiladoras, environmental impoverishment, and the role of multinational corporations

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Publisher
Inderscience Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. All rights reserved
ISSN
1521-0227
eISSN
2042-6992
DOI
10.1504/IER.2003.053900
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mexico suffers from numerous environmental problems including air and water quality, sewage concerns, and high toxicity levels in soils. These troubles are intensified in the maquiladoras due to increased industrial activity and high population concentrations. To help mitigate the poor ecological conditions the Mexican government enacted the General Law in 1988. This legislation provided the framework for the Side Agreement incorporated in the North American Free Trade Agreement. The level of enforcement of regional and national laws dealing with environmental protection in Mexico are examined to ascertain whether such measures have positively altered the conditions along the border. Emphasis is given to the level of influence American–owned firms exercise in the maquiladoras, which may shape the enforcement of environmental laws. Connections among American MNCs, the Mexican government, maquiladora communities, and environmental degeneration are illustrated. The research demonstrates the complexity of ecological problems in Mexico beyond water and land pollution, and market failures.

Journal

Interdisciplinary Environmental ReviewInderscience Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2003

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