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Innovation in the IT sector: intermediary organisations as a knowledge sharing strategy?

Innovation in the IT sector: intermediary organisations as a knowledge sharing strategy? While traditional neoclassical economics view the individual entrepreneur as source of competitiveness, and the market economy as source of economic growth, it has recently been recognised that collective leadership and entrepreneurial activity are often at least as important. Also, knowledge has replaced physical capital as the main source of competitiveness and creation of a competitive advantage over other firms through networks and knowledge sharing. However, it is often unclear how this knowledge can be gained. Some authors contest the neoclassical individualistic view and consider that networks and industrial clusters can foster such knowledge exchanges. We hypothesised that the IT sector would be interested in collective ways of accessing knowledge, and sought to determine what modes of governance or intermediaries could make this happen. The paper analyses these intermediaries and their contributions to the IT/multimedia/gaming sector in Montreal, the cluster policy which favours knowledge exchanges, the collective over the individual. Keywords: cluster; knowledge sharing; innovation; information technology; IT; gaming; cooperation; intermediary organisations; multimedia. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Tremblay, D-G. (2016) `Innovation in the IT sector: intermediary organisations as a knowledge sharing strategy?', Int. J. Knowledge-Based Development, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp.336­356. Biographical notes: Diane-Gabrielle http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Knowledge-Based Development Inderscience Publishers

Innovation in the IT sector: intermediary organisations as a knowledge sharing strategy?

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Publisher
Inderscience Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
ISSN
2040-4468
eISSN
2040-4476
DOI
10.1504/IJKBD.2016.080872
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

While traditional neoclassical economics view the individual entrepreneur as source of competitiveness, and the market economy as source of economic growth, it has recently been recognised that collective leadership and entrepreneurial activity are often at least as important. Also, knowledge has replaced physical capital as the main source of competitiveness and creation of a competitive advantage over other firms through networks and knowledge sharing. However, it is often unclear how this knowledge can be gained. Some authors contest the neoclassical individualistic view and consider that networks and industrial clusters can foster such knowledge exchanges. We hypothesised that the IT sector would be interested in collective ways of accessing knowledge, and sought to determine what modes of governance or intermediaries could make this happen. The paper analyses these intermediaries and their contributions to the IT/multimedia/gaming sector in Montreal, the cluster policy which favours knowledge exchanges, the collective over the individual. Keywords: cluster; knowledge sharing; innovation; information technology; IT; gaming; cooperation; intermediary organisations; multimedia. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Tremblay, D-G. (2016) `Innovation in the IT sector: intermediary organisations as a knowledge sharing strategy?', Int. J. Knowledge-Based Development, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp.336­356. Biographical notes: Diane-Gabrielle

Journal

International Journal of Knowledge-Based DevelopmentInderscience Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2016

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