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Agricultural inputs, outputs, and population density at the country-level in Latin America: decadal changes augur challenges for sustained food production and forest conservation

Agricultural inputs, outputs, and population density at the country-level in Latin America:... We examine country-level data for agricultural inputs and outputs for Latin America. We examine data demonstrating a steeply increasing use of resources for agriculture and contrast this with the modest increases in output. We analyse the connection between these processes and a measure of rural population density, and finally discuss the agricultural dominance of Brazil and Mexico in the region. We conclude that the evidence continues to point to both Malthusian and Boserupian processes at work simultaneously in the region, and that global demographic, political and economic factors are increasing in importance relative to local population production and demand. Keywords: Latin America; agriculture; population; Malthus; resources; population density; production; Mexico; Brazil; intensification; extensification. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Ervin, D. and López-Carr, D. (2015) ` in Latin America: decadal changes augur challenges for sustained food production and forest conservation', Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.63­76. Biographical notes: Daniel Ervin is a PhD student (ABD) in the Department of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB). He received his BA in Psychology from George Washington University in 2002 after which he worked in the non-profit and public health for a number http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Interdisciplinary Environmental Review Inderscience Publishers

Agricultural inputs, outputs, and population density at the country-level in Latin America: decadal changes augur challenges for sustained food production and forest conservation

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Publisher
Inderscience Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
ISSN
1521-0227
eISSN
2042-6992
DOI
10.1504/IER.2015.069412
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We examine country-level data for agricultural inputs and outputs for Latin America. We examine data demonstrating a steeply increasing use of resources for agriculture and contrast this with the modest increases in output. We analyse the connection between these processes and a measure of rural population density, and finally discuss the agricultural dominance of Brazil and Mexico in the region. We conclude that the evidence continues to point to both Malthusian and Boserupian processes at work simultaneously in the region, and that global demographic, political and economic factors are increasing in importance relative to local population production and demand. Keywords: Latin America; agriculture; population; Malthus; resources; population density; production; Mexico; Brazil; intensification; extensification. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Ervin, D. and López-Carr, D. (2015) ` in Latin America: decadal changes augur challenges for sustained food production and forest conservation', Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.63­76. Biographical notes: Daniel Ervin is a PhD student (ABD) in the Department of Geography at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB). He received his BA in Psychology from George Washington University in 2002 after which he worked in the non-profit and public health for a number

Journal

Interdisciplinary Environmental ReviewInderscience Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2015

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