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A review of urban sustainability criteria under global warming stress

A review of urban sustainability criteria under global warming stress Due to high energy requirements, cities are major contributors to climate change affecting global warming and quality of life. Environmental changes, accounting for changes in quality of life and reducing thermal degradation by moving towards more sustainable energy sources, are needed. A comprehensive system of environmental indicators, as an effective tool to reduce climate change impacts and to increase cities' sustainability approaches, is presented. The proposed system constitutes a cohesive set of indicators intergrading spatial and communication factors, expressed as connectivity, completion, cohesion, etc. and process modifications emphasising dematerialisation, energy type and savings. It incorporates environmental impact and state level response indicators into `a cause and effect' meta model, as the OECD DIPSIR one. A logic decision scheme connects response indicators and activities, so that the model becomes a tool for self-knowledge, more efficiency and better target orientation by city authorities with respect to sustainable city practices. Keywords: urban sustainability indicators; urban environmental indicators; urban sustainability policy; urban compacity; urban complexity; urban completeness; urban cohesion; urban communication; urban dematerialisation; urban carbonisation; response impact index; urban carbon succession; urban carbon retention. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. D. Papaioannou et al. Reference to this paper should be made as http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Interdisciplinary Environmental Review Inderscience Publishers

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Publisher
Inderscience Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
ISSN
1521-0227
eISSN
2042-6992
DOI
10.1504/IER.2015.069405
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Due to high energy requirements, cities are major contributors to climate change affecting global warming and quality of life. Environmental changes, accounting for changes in quality of life and reducing thermal degradation by moving towards more sustainable energy sources, are needed. A comprehensive system of environmental indicators, as an effective tool to reduce climate change impacts and to increase cities' sustainability approaches, is presented. The proposed system constitutes a cohesive set of indicators intergrading spatial and communication factors, expressed as connectivity, completion, cohesion, etc. and process modifications emphasising dematerialisation, energy type and savings. It incorporates environmental impact and state level response indicators into `a cause and effect' meta model, as the OECD DIPSIR one. A logic decision scheme connects response indicators and activities, so that the model becomes a tool for self-knowledge, more efficiency and better target orientation by city authorities with respect to sustainable city practices. Keywords: urban sustainability indicators; urban environmental indicators; urban sustainability policy; urban compacity; urban complexity; urban completeness; urban cohesion; urban communication; urban dematerialisation; urban carbonisation; response impact index; urban carbon succession; urban carbon retention. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. D. Papaioannou et al. Reference to this paper should be made as

Journal

Interdisciplinary Environmental ReviewInderscience Publishers

Published: Jan 1, 2015

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