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Hiponatremia: fisiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento

Resumen: La hiponatremia constituye una entidad frecuente tanto en pacientes hospitalizados como en las consultas extrahospitalarias. Determinadas enfermedades se pueden presentar con hiponatremia, por lo que conocer su diagnóstico y tratamiento será necesario en estos casos. En este trabajo se presenta, con un enfoque práctico, una revisión sobre la fisiopatología, el enfoque diagnóstico, y las principales consideraciones para su tratamiento. Abstract: Hyponatremia is a frequent hydroelectrolytic disorder, and it can be found as much in a Hospital center as in extrahospitalary areas. In some diseases can appear hyponatremia, so to know about its diagnosis and its treatment will be necessary in these cases. In this paper, we present, in a practical explanation, a review of physiopathology, diagnosis and the main considerations for its treatment. Archivos de Medicina © http://www.archivosdemedicina.com Introducción y Definición: La hiponatremia constituye el trastorno hidroelectrolítico más frecuente. Además de acompañar a determinadas enfermedades, en ocasiones severas, puede de por sí causar un daño importante. El tratamiento dependerá de la etiología y se ha de efectuar según unas consideraciones especiales, pues también se puede generar yatrogenia, como veremos en posteriores apartados. El concepto de hiponatremia es sencillo, y se define como la presencia de un sodio http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archivos de Medicina iMedPub, Internet Medical Publishing

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