STATISTICAL STUDIES ON PROTEIN POLYMORPHISM IN NATURAL POPULATIONS II. GENE DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN POPULATIONS Ranajit Chakraborty 1 , Paul A. Fuerst 1 , and Masatoshi Nei 1 1 Center for Demographic and Population Genetics, University of Texas at Houston, Texas 77025 With the aim of testing the validity of the mutation-drift hypothesis, we examined the pattern of genetic differentiation between populations by using data from Drosophila, fishes, reptiles, and mammals. The observed relationship between genetic identity and correlation of heterozygosities of different populations or species was generally in good agreement with the theoretical expectations from the mutation-drift theory, when the variation in mutation rate among loci was taken into account. In some species of Drosophila, however, the correlation was unduly high. The relationship between the mean and variance of genetic distance was also in good agreement with the theoretical prediction in almost all organisms. We noted that both the distribution of heterozygosity within species and the pattern of genetic differentiation between species can be explained by the same set of genetic parameters in each group of organisms. Alternative hypotheses for explaining these observations are discussed. Submitted on May 24, 1977 Revised on September 12, 1977
Genetics – Genetics Society of America
Published: Feb 1, 1978
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