``To No End Gathered'' Poetry and Urination in Joyce's Ulysses M I C H A E L L AV E R S In his biography of Joyce, Richard Ellmann recounts an evening in 1904 when Joyce read from his manuscript of poems, titled Chamber Music: ``Gogarty . . . brought Joyce to visit Jenny, an easy-going widow, and while they all drank porter Joyce read out his poems, which he carried with him in a large packet . . . The widow was pleased enough by this entertainment, but had to interrupt to withdraw behind a screen to a chamber pot. As the two men listened, Gogarty cried out, `There's a critic for you!' `` ( JJ 154). This pun on chamber music culminates in Ulysses, where the symbolic relationship between poetic composition and urination is a recurrent motif. This essay contributes to the discussion of Joyce's prosody,1 as well as to the theme of digestion and excretion as metaphor for the artistic process, the most comprehensive study of which is Lindsey Tucker's Stephen and Bloom at Life's Feast: Alimentary Symbolism and the Creative Process in James Joyce's ``Ulysses.'' If, in Joyce's own words, Ulysses is an ``epic
Joyce Studies Annual – Fordham University Press
Published: Dec 12, 2013
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