Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to provide recommendations for medium‐ and large‐sized workplaces on how to support HIV‐positive employees. Supporting HIV‐positive workers is an issue of social responsibility and an economic necessity for employers. HIV‐positive workers can remain productive and healthy for many years if able to access appropriate HIV management support. Design/methodology/approach – Recent (2000‐2010) academic and grey literature on HIV workplace management was reviewed and a qualitative study of nine workers receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Zimbabwe was conducted by the authors. Results from both the literature review and qualitative study were used to develop recommendations. Findings – Carefully considered organizational support is of primary importance in the following areas: workplace HIV policy, voluntary testing and counselling, HIV management, HIV treatment uptake and adherence, day‐to‐day assistance, peer education, nutrition support, opportunistic infection (OI) monitoring and support to temporary/contract workers. Confidentiality is a key element in achieving positive outcomes in all areas of organizational support for HIV‐positive workers. Practical implications – The paper provides a source of information and concrete advice for workplaces seeking to implement or augment HIV management and support services for their employees. The paper offers vital insight into workplace intervention strategies shown work best for workplaces and employees. Originality/value – The paper fills a need for comprehensive documentation of strategies for effective HIV management at medium‐ and large‐sized workplaces.
International Journal of Workplace Health Management – Emerald Publishing
Published: Sep 20, 2013
Keywords: Health promotion; Qualitative research; Health and productivity; Workplace health
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