Web structure and influence of the Arab universities of the MENA zone (Middle East and North Africa) Visualization and analysis

Web structure and influence of the Arab universities of the MENA zone (Middle East and North... Purpose – This article aims to display the structure and reveal the web influence of institutions in the MENA zone, in geographic terms (country) and academic terms (universities), by means of their links. Design/methodology/approach – Using search engines and webcrawlers designed to gather information about web links, in conjunction with visualization techniques and degree indicators based on social network analysis, the authors achieved their objective and found responses to a series of pertinent research questions. Findings – There is no direct relationship between the number of university websites and the number of inlinks. Linking between countries in the MENA zone obeys patterns of vicinity and geopolitics. Arab universities are interlinked following trends governed by territorial proximity. There is a strong endogamic tendency, with universities from a single country citing each other, particularly in the case of Saudi Arabia. The authors present the first ranking of web influence in the MENA zone based on network indicators, namely country and university, and their order is corroborated by comparison with other rankings of a webometric or scientometric nature. Research limitations/implications – Studies of this type cannot be undertaken again, at least not from the web link perspective, as Yahoo!, Google and Bing have since blocked the webcrawlers that attempt to carry out searches of inlinking or co‐inlinking between/among sites. Hence, this work can be considered both a pioneer and the last of its kind. The authors do not know if or when it will be possible to again make queries about URLs in webs or, alternatively, in titles. Originality/value – This is the first visual report of the web structure underlying the countries and universities of the MENA zone. It is also the first time that a country and university ranking of this geopolitical zone has been carried out using network indicators based on web links. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives Emerald Publishing

Web structure and influence of the Arab universities of the MENA zone (Middle East and North Africa) Visualization and analysis

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0001-253X
DOI
10.1108/AP-10-2012-0082
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – This article aims to display the structure and reveal the web influence of institutions in the MENA zone, in geographic terms (country) and academic terms (universities), by means of their links. Design/methodology/approach – Using search engines and webcrawlers designed to gather information about web links, in conjunction with visualization techniques and degree indicators based on social network analysis, the authors achieved their objective and found responses to a series of pertinent research questions. Findings – There is no direct relationship between the number of university websites and the number of inlinks. Linking between countries in the MENA zone obeys patterns of vicinity and geopolitics. Arab universities are interlinked following trends governed by territorial proximity. There is a strong endogamic tendency, with universities from a single country citing each other, particularly in the case of Saudi Arabia. The authors present the first ranking of web influence in the MENA zone based on network indicators, namely country and university, and their order is corroborated by comparison with other rankings of a webometric or scientometric nature. Research limitations/implications – Studies of this type cannot be undertaken again, at least not from the web link perspective, as Yahoo!, Google and Bing have since blocked the webcrawlers that attempt to carry out searches of inlinking or co‐inlinking between/among sites. Hence, this work can be considered both a pioneer and the last of its kind. The authors do not know if or when it will be possible to again make queries about URLs in webs or, alternatively, in titles. Originality/value – This is the first visual report of the web structure underlying the countries and universities of the MENA zone. It is also the first time that a country and university ranking of this geopolitical zone has been carried out using network indicators based on web links.

Journal

Aslib Proceedings: New Information PerspectivesEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 1, 2013

Keywords: Social network analysis; Arab universities; Influence; Information visualization; Web ranking; Webometrics; MENA

References

  • The Arab universities on the web: a webometric study
    Elgohary, A.
  • Accessibility of information on the web
    Lawrence, S.; Giles, C.L.
  • Conceptualizing documentation on the web: an evaluation of different heuristic‐based models for counting links between university web sites
    Thelwall, M.
  • A research and institutional size based model for national university web site interlinking
    Thelwall, M.
  • Evidence for the existence of geographic trends in university web site interlinking
    Thelwall, M.
  • How to normalize cooccurrence data? An analysis of some well‐known similarity measures
    Van Eck, N.J.; Waltman, L.
  • Visualizing linguistic and cultural differences using web co‐link data
    Vaughan, L.
  • Equal representation by search engines? A comparison of websites across countries and domains
    Vaughan, L.; Zhang, Y.

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