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Voting behavior in the South Korean presidential election – exploring the regional voting pattern

Voting behavior in the South Korean presidential election – exploring the regional voting pattern The purpose of this paper is to examine regional voting patterns in South Korea using the results from six presidential elections since the 1990s.Design/methodology/approachA χ2 test was used to determine the municipalities where a regional voting pattern emerged, and λ correlation coefficients were calculated to examine changes in the regional voting patterns.FindingsThe analyses lead to three key findings. First, voting patterns differ in Yeongnam and Honam: regional voting in Yeongnam is getting weaker, it remains strong in Honam. Second, the tendency to vote along regional lines decreased significantly in the election in which the Honam party fielded a candidate with a Yeongnam appeared identity. Third, regional voting patterns declined but then stabilized at a constant level, regardless of the candidates’ local identity, which was confirmed in “Bu-Ul-Gyeong.”Originality/valueThis paper can empirically verify the manifestation of regional voting pattern and confirm the trend. It is possible to derive a condition for suppressing the regional voting pattern. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Asian Education and Development Studies Emerald Publishing

Voting behavior in the South Korean presidential election – exploring the regional voting pattern

Asian Education and Development Studies , Volume 8 (3): 14 – Jul 9, 2019

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2046-3162
DOI
10.1108/aeds-01-2018-0009
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine regional voting patterns in South Korea using the results from six presidential elections since the 1990s.Design/methodology/approachA χ2 test was used to determine the municipalities where a regional voting pattern emerged, and λ correlation coefficients were calculated to examine changes in the regional voting patterns.FindingsThe analyses lead to three key findings. First, voting patterns differ in Yeongnam and Honam: regional voting in Yeongnam is getting weaker, it remains strong in Honam. Second, the tendency to vote along regional lines decreased significantly in the election in which the Honam party fielded a candidate with a Yeongnam appeared identity. Third, regional voting patterns declined but then stabilized at a constant level, regardless of the candidates’ local identity, which was confirmed in “Bu-Ul-Gyeong.”Originality/valueThis paper can empirically verify the manifestation of regional voting pattern and confirm the trend. It is possible to derive a condition for suppressing the regional voting pattern.

Journal

Asian Education and Development StudiesEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 9, 2019

Keywords: Regionalism; 19th presidential election in Korea; Korean presidential election; Regional voting pattern

References