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Virtual work usage and challenges in different service sector branches

Virtual work usage and challenges in different service sector branches Purpose – Virtual work presents new challenges for managers compared to using ordinary, face‐to‐face work practices. The purpose of this paper is to show how different virtual work types are related to different challenges that require different managerial and co‐operation approaches. Design/methodology/approach – Empirical data were gathered during a period of two years using a questionnaire (3,156 respondents from 323 companies representing different Estonian service sector branches) and interviewing. Findings – The paper concludes that a higher level of work virtuality leads to a lower level of work satisfaction, mainly due to inappropriate management techniques and problems related to information and communication technology‐mediated communication. Research limitations/implications – The sample consists of only service sector organizations, limiting generalization of the results to the practice of manufacturing companies. Practical implications – The results will help managers of service organizations to prepare and choose appropriate management techniques for working with virtual workforce. Originality/value – The paper shows that service sector organizations operate with different degrees of virtuality that lead to different challenges and consequently require different management techniques. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Baltic Journal of Management Emerald Publishing

Virtual work usage and challenges in different service sector branches

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1746-5265
DOI
10.1108/17465261111167984
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – Virtual work presents new challenges for managers compared to using ordinary, face‐to‐face work practices. The purpose of this paper is to show how different virtual work types are related to different challenges that require different managerial and co‐operation approaches. Design/methodology/approach – Empirical data were gathered during a period of two years using a questionnaire (3,156 respondents from 323 companies representing different Estonian service sector branches) and interviewing. Findings – The paper concludes that a higher level of work virtuality leads to a lower level of work satisfaction, mainly due to inappropriate management techniques and problems related to information and communication technology‐mediated communication. Research limitations/implications – The sample consists of only service sector organizations, limiting generalization of the results to the practice of manufacturing companies. Practical implications – The results will help managers of service organizations to prepare and choose appropriate management techniques for working with virtual workforce. Originality/value – The paper shows that service sector organizations operate with different degrees of virtuality that lead to different challenges and consequently require different management techniques.

Journal

Baltic Journal of ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 13, 2011

Keywords: Estonia; Virtual working; Distance working; Service organizations; ICT

References