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VEGETABLE RESEARCH

VEGETABLE RESEARCH The 33rd Annual Report of important reservoir of infection. Studies also the National Vegetable indicate that a wid e range of Research Station has just wild species of the crucifer been published. In this, the Director focusses attention family, which includes rape, on the great benefit to be cabbages and wallflowers, gained in co-operative can cross-infect horticultural crops. In addition to causing efforts between research a loss of yield in the rape establishments and crop cross-infection to universites, both in the United Kingdom and abroad. vegetable crops and Such collaboration provides vegetable seed crops can the vital link between the also be a large problem which makes these studies often highly academic of great economic studies of the university and importance. the more practical aspects usually studied at the research institute. Such joint A new cultivation work with the Genetics technique Department of Birmingham There was a very wet University has shown by spring this year, and one computer prediction that it result is that in many areas should be possible to the soil could not be produce an inbred line which cultivated to allow the direct woul d yield as wel l as the drilling of seeds at the best currently available F optimum time for hybrids. These results are germination and growth. A now being tested practically technique is being at Wellesbourne. developed at Wellesbourne Joint projects with other which means that the land is United Kingdom universities cultivated in the autumn and at Nottingham, University drilling can be carried out in College Cardiff, Reading, lower rates of application of New vegetable the spring without further Glasgow, Warwick and insecticide will give the cultivation. A computer is varieties Thames Polytechnic have same result as heavier or being used to simulate soil Six new varieties from NVRS also been undertaken as well more frequent doses on non- moisture content by have been added to the as formal and informal resistant crops. So far, studying rainfall statistics. National List this year. These contacts wit h other research varying degrees of The 'plastic limit', which are two F hybrid Brussels stations throughout the 1 resistance have been found represents the dryness of the sprouts, Gower and Nym, worl d including the Peoples' in carrots, onions, lettuce, soil which will permit tw o new autumn maturing Republic of China. calabrese and cauliflower. conventional cultivation, cauliflowers, Hermia and Further studies are in must normally be reached to Pyramus, and two new Brussels sprout progress to breed natural a depth of 12 cm whereas winter cauliflowers, Helena resistance from wild carrot breeding with autumn cultivation, and Theseus. Varieties bred species into the horticultural soils only need to be this dry Scientists in the Plant at Wellesbourne are now varieties. to 3 cm. The end result is Breeding Section at the being named after that there are twice as many NVRS are collaborating with Shakespearian characters Alternaria disease days in spring when drilling the Genetics Department of and in the future these could be successfully Birmingham University with Over recent years the area of names should become as completed. Further studies in the aim of producing self- oilseed rape has greatly familiar as the Avon varieties the use of specially designed fertile lines of sprouts which increased. The oil obtained which have been produced low ground-pressure wil l be at least as productive from its seed is used in the over the past few years. vehicles indicate that drilling as the highly successful F production of margarine and can be completed on soils hybrids with which all cooking oils. Alternaria Studies into resistance with the plastic limit at 3 cm, gardeners have become disease causes premature a figure which would familiar over the past few There is encouraging splitting of the seed pods prevent a conventional years. The problem with F progress in the studies to with a corresponding drastic tractor from working the hybrids is that the seed is uncover resistance to attack loss of yield as the seeds are land. Joint use of these two difficult and expensive to by insect pests. In some scattered rather than being techniques should mean that produce and must be bought cases this gives only a harvested. Studies in the in a wet spring, such as afresh every year. Several control of the disease by partial resistance but 1983, a much higher joint F hybrid sprouts are at anything that discourages fungicidal sprays have percentage of seed could be present being evaluated and the build up of large indicated the effectiveness of drilled directly into the land seed of tw o of the varieties population of pests must be the chemical iprodione both at the time which best suits should be commercially an advantage. One obvious on growing plants and on the plants. available in 1984. result is that less frequent or seeds which provide an 24 Nutrition and Food Science http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nutrition & Food Science Emerald Publishing

VEGETABLE RESEARCH

Nutrition & Food Science , Volume 83 (5): 1 – May 1, 1983

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0034-6659
DOI
10.1108/eb058979
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The 33rd Annual Report of important reservoir of infection. Studies also the National Vegetable indicate that a wid e range of Research Station has just wild species of the crucifer been published. In this, the Director focusses attention family, which includes rape, on the great benefit to be cabbages and wallflowers, gained in co-operative can cross-infect horticultural crops. In addition to causing efforts between research a loss of yield in the rape establishments and crop cross-infection to universites, both in the United Kingdom and abroad. vegetable crops and Such collaboration provides vegetable seed crops can the vital link between the also be a large problem which makes these studies often highly academic of great economic studies of the university and importance. the more practical aspects usually studied at the research institute. Such joint A new cultivation work with the Genetics technique Department of Birmingham There was a very wet University has shown by spring this year, and one computer prediction that it result is that in many areas should be possible to the soil could not be produce an inbred line which cultivated to allow the direct woul d yield as wel l as the drilling of seeds at the best currently available F optimum time for hybrids. These results are germination and growth. A now being tested practically technique is being at Wellesbourne. developed at Wellesbourne Joint projects with other which means that the land is United Kingdom universities cultivated in the autumn and at Nottingham, University drilling can be carried out in College Cardiff, Reading, lower rates of application of New vegetable the spring without further Glasgow, Warwick and insecticide will give the cultivation. A computer is varieties Thames Polytechnic have same result as heavier or being used to simulate soil Six new varieties from NVRS also been undertaken as well more frequent doses on non- moisture content by have been added to the as formal and informal resistant crops. So far, studying rainfall statistics. National List this year. These contacts wit h other research varying degrees of The 'plastic limit', which are two F hybrid Brussels stations throughout the 1 resistance have been found represents the dryness of the sprouts, Gower and Nym, worl d including the Peoples' in carrots, onions, lettuce, soil which will permit tw o new autumn maturing Republic of China. calabrese and cauliflower. conventional cultivation, cauliflowers, Hermia and Further studies are in must normally be reached to Pyramus, and two new Brussels sprout progress to breed natural a depth of 12 cm whereas winter cauliflowers, Helena resistance from wild carrot breeding with autumn cultivation, and Theseus. Varieties bred species into the horticultural soils only need to be this dry Scientists in the Plant at Wellesbourne are now varieties. to 3 cm. The end result is Breeding Section at the being named after that there are twice as many NVRS are collaborating with Shakespearian characters Alternaria disease days in spring when drilling the Genetics Department of and in the future these could be successfully Birmingham University with Over recent years the area of names should become as completed. Further studies in the aim of producing self- oilseed rape has greatly familiar as the Avon varieties the use of specially designed fertile lines of sprouts which increased. The oil obtained which have been produced low ground-pressure wil l be at least as productive from its seed is used in the over the past few years. vehicles indicate that drilling as the highly successful F production of margarine and can be completed on soils hybrids with which all cooking oils. Alternaria Studies into resistance with the plastic limit at 3 cm, gardeners have become disease causes premature a figure which would familiar over the past few There is encouraging splitting of the seed pods prevent a conventional years. The problem with F progress in the studies to with a corresponding drastic tractor from working the hybrids is that the seed is uncover resistance to attack loss of yield as the seeds are land. Joint use of these two difficult and expensive to by insect pests. In some scattered rather than being techniques should mean that produce and must be bought cases this gives only a harvested. Studies in the in a wet spring, such as afresh every year. Several control of the disease by partial resistance but 1983, a much higher joint F hybrid sprouts are at anything that discourages fungicidal sprays have percentage of seed could be present being evaluated and the build up of large indicated the effectiveness of drilled directly into the land seed of tw o of the varieties population of pests must be the chemical iprodione both at the time which best suits should be commercially an advantage. One obvious on growing plants and on the plants. available in 1984. result is that less frequent or seeds which provide an 24 Nutrition and Food Science

Journal

Nutrition & Food ScienceEmerald Publishing

Published: May 1, 1983

There are no references for this article.