The purpose of this paper is to present the adoption and application of the causal mapping method for cognitive distances measurement in the multicultural domain.Design/methodology/approachCausal mapping was used to estimate differences in mental models between participants. The developed method was applied in a multicultural setting for the selection of teaching cases.FindingsIn the main study, 129 people participated in the test. Overall, 7,217 relationships were tested. A set of demographic variables were used to test the reliability and external validity of the method. The method proved to be reliable and easy to apply. A smaller second study is an application example of the method.Research limitations/implicationsThe main study proposes a formula for distance ratio calculation. Moreover, this formula proved to be externally valid and reliable. Thus, it is of interest for further research in this domain.Practical implicationsPractitioners are provided with a tool for the analysis of intercultural differences with the example of the perception of cultural values to develop a better understanding and improve education in a multicultural setting. Study 2 proposes an example of the methodology application.Originality/valueThis is the first application of causal mapping in the field of values research performed in a multicultural education setting. The formula for comparing causal maps is improved upon, and an application for the field of multicultural university classes is provided.
Journal for Multicultural Education – Emerald Publishing
Published: Mar 22, 2019
Keywords: Values; Mental models; Causal mapping; Cognitive distance; Teaching cases