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Values congruence in multicultural groups: the causal mapping method

Values congruence in multicultural groups: the causal mapping method The purpose of this paper is to present the adoption and application of the causal mapping method for cognitive distances measurement in the multicultural domain.Design/methodology/approachCausal mapping was used to estimate differences in mental models between participants. The developed method was applied in a multicultural setting for the selection of teaching cases.FindingsIn the main study, 129 people participated in the test. Overall, 7,217 relationships were tested. A set of demographic variables were used to test the reliability and external validity of the method. The method proved to be reliable and easy to apply. A smaller second study is an application example of the method.Research limitations/implicationsThe main study proposes a formula for distance ratio calculation. Moreover, this formula proved to be externally valid and reliable. Thus, it is of interest for further research in this domain.Practical implicationsPractitioners are provided with a tool for the analysis of intercultural differences with the example of the perception of cultural values to develop a better understanding and improve education in a multicultural setting. Study 2 proposes an example of the methodology application.Originality/valueThis is the first application of causal mapping in the field of values research performed in a multicultural education setting. The formula for comparing causal maps is improved upon, and an application for the field of multicultural university classes is provided. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal for Multicultural Education Emerald Publishing

Values congruence in multicultural groups: the causal mapping method

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2053-535X
DOI
10.1108/jme-07-2017-0043
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present the adoption and application of the causal mapping method for cognitive distances measurement in the multicultural domain.Design/methodology/approachCausal mapping was used to estimate differences in mental models between participants. The developed method was applied in a multicultural setting for the selection of teaching cases.FindingsIn the main study, 129 people participated in the test. Overall, 7,217 relationships were tested. A set of demographic variables were used to test the reliability and external validity of the method. The method proved to be reliable and easy to apply. A smaller second study is an application example of the method.Research limitations/implicationsThe main study proposes a formula for distance ratio calculation. Moreover, this formula proved to be externally valid and reliable. Thus, it is of interest for further research in this domain.Practical implicationsPractitioners are provided with a tool for the analysis of intercultural differences with the example of the perception of cultural values to develop a better understanding and improve education in a multicultural setting. Study 2 proposes an example of the methodology application.Originality/valueThis is the first application of causal mapping in the field of values research performed in a multicultural education setting. The formula for comparing causal maps is improved upon, and an application for the field of multicultural university classes is provided.

Journal

Journal for Multicultural EducationEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 22, 2019

Keywords: Values; Mental models; Causal mapping; Cognitive distance; Teaching cases

References