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Using positivity, transformational leadership and empowerment to combat employee negativity

Using positivity, transformational leadership and empowerment to combat employee negativity Purpose – The purpose of this study is to hypothesize and test a conceptual model linking concepts of leadership and positive organizational behavior to a reduction in employee negativity, with empowerment as an important mediator in the causal relationships. Design/methodology/approach – A heterogeneous sample of 341 working adults completed survey measures as two separate points in time. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to validate psychometric properties of instruments, and path analysis using structural equation modeling software was used to test hypotheses. Findings – As hypothesized, both transformational leadership ( β =0.27) and positive psychological capital (hope, efficacy, resilience and optimism) ( β =0.61) were significantly related to feelings of empowerment. Empowerment was significantly related to intentions to quit ( β =−0.38) but not employee cynicism. Empowerment also fully mediated the relationship between the independent variables and intentions to quit. Research limitations/implications – A convenience sampling method limited the generalizability of results. Causal and longitudinal research designs would extend findings discussed here. Implications for management are significant in terms of countering employee negativity using leadership processes, employee selection and development. Originality/value – This study offers the first conceptual model integrating emerging concepts from positive organizational behavior, in the form of positive psychological capacities, with validated leadership models (transformational leadership). Both were suggested to influence negative outcomes, with empowerment as an effective mediator of these relationships. Findings generally support the hypotheses advanced herein. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Leadership & Organization Development Journal Emerald Publishing

Using positivity, transformational leadership and empowerment to combat employee negativity

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References (73)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0143-7739
DOI
10.1108/01437730810852470
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to hypothesize and test a conceptual model linking concepts of leadership and positive organizational behavior to a reduction in employee negativity, with empowerment as an important mediator in the causal relationships. Design/methodology/approach – A heterogeneous sample of 341 working adults completed survey measures as two separate points in time. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to validate psychometric properties of instruments, and path analysis using structural equation modeling software was used to test hypotheses. Findings – As hypothesized, both transformational leadership ( β =0.27) and positive psychological capital (hope, efficacy, resilience and optimism) ( β =0.61) were significantly related to feelings of empowerment. Empowerment was significantly related to intentions to quit ( β =−0.38) but not employee cynicism. Empowerment also fully mediated the relationship between the independent variables and intentions to quit. Research limitations/implications – A convenience sampling method limited the generalizability of results. Causal and longitudinal research designs would extend findings discussed here. Implications for management are significant in terms of countering employee negativity using leadership processes, employee selection and development. Originality/value – This study offers the first conceptual model integrating emerging concepts from positive organizational behavior, in the form of positive psychological capacities, with validated leadership models (transformational leadership). Both were suggested to influence negative outcomes, with empowerment as an effective mediator of these relationships. Findings generally support the hypotheses advanced herein.

Journal

Leadership & Organization Development JournalEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 7, 2008

Keywords: Organizational behaviour; Transformational leadership; Empowerment; Employee attitudes

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