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Unsteady general solution for MHD natural convection flow with radiative effects, heat source and shear stress on the boundary

Unsteady general solution for MHD natural convection flow with radiative effects, heat source and... PurposeThe purpose of this note is to provide general solutions for radiative magnetohydrodynamic natural convection flow.Design/methodology/approachTo obtain exact solutions for such motions of Newtonian fluids, as seen in the existing literature, the Laplace transform technique is used.FindingsGeneral solutions are obtained for temperature, velocity and Nusselt number in the presence of heat source and shear stress on the boundary. They can generate exact solutions for any motion with technical relevance of this type. Fluid velocity is presented as the sum of mechanical and thermal components. Influence of physical parameters on temperature and velocity is graphically underlined for ramp-type heating plate that applies a constantly accelerating shear stress to the fluid. Thermal and mechanical effects are significant and must be taken into consideration.Practical implicationsFor illustration, as well as for a check of results, three special cases with applications in engineering are considered and some known results are recovered.Originality/valueObtained solutions are presented in the simplest forms. In addition, the solutions corresponding to cosine oscillatory heating and oscillating shear are presented so that they can be immediately reduced to those corresponding to constant heating and uniform shear if the oscillations’ frequency becomes zero. Heat transfer characteristics with thermal radiation are graphically illustrated using one parameter only for such motions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow Emerald Publishing

Unsteady general solution for MHD natural convection flow with radiative effects, heat source and shear stress on the boundary

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0961-5539
DOI
10.1108/HFF-02-2016-0069
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeThe purpose of this note is to provide general solutions for radiative magnetohydrodynamic natural convection flow.Design/methodology/approachTo obtain exact solutions for such motions of Newtonian fluids, as seen in the existing literature, the Laplace transform technique is used.FindingsGeneral solutions are obtained for temperature, velocity and Nusselt number in the presence of heat source and shear stress on the boundary. They can generate exact solutions for any motion with technical relevance of this type. Fluid velocity is presented as the sum of mechanical and thermal components. Influence of physical parameters on temperature and velocity is graphically underlined for ramp-type heating plate that applies a constantly accelerating shear stress to the fluid. Thermal and mechanical effects are significant and must be taken into consideration.Practical implicationsFor illustration, as well as for a check of results, three special cases with applications in engineering are considered and some known results are recovered.Originality/valueObtained solutions are presented in the simplest forms. In addition, the solutions corresponding to cosine oscillatory heating and oscillating shear are presented so that they can be immediately reduced to those corresponding to constant heating and uniform shear if the oscillations’ frequency becomes zero. Heat transfer characteristics with thermal radiation are graphically illustrated using one parameter only for such motions.

Journal

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid FlowEmerald Publishing

Published: Jun 5, 2017

References