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Ultra-low fertility, gender equity and policy considerations

Ultra-low fertility, gender equity and policy considerations PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to focus on the issue and the reasons why fertility patterns in many industrialized and post-industrialized societies decline so rapidly, primarily in newly industrialized countries, particularly in East Asia, and especially after the countries have adopted the capitalist and market economy as the preferred approach to improve the lives of their population.Design/methodology/approachThe authors discuss gender equality and the relationship between fertility and female labor force participation in industrialized and post-industrialized countries, in the context of role incompatibility, mainly for women and the level of the strength and rigidity of family- and gender-role norms/attitudes that affect the behaviors of men and women.FindingsThe existing family-related policies and programs which have reduced the role conflict and incompatibility experienced by working mothers are reviewed and discussed under national orientations toward the resolution of work–family conflict since they could affect the relevance, acceptance, significance and effectiveness of policies being developed and approved to carry on under institutional context within a nation.Originality/valueSpecific strategies and policies to reduce role incompatibility and childcare arrangements and their costs are discussed, especially for East Asian nations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Asian Education and Development Studies Emerald Publishing

Ultra-low fertility, gender equity and policy considerations

Ultra-low fertility, gender equity and policy considerations

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the issue and the reasons why fertility patterns in many industrialized and post-industrialized societies decline so rapidly, primarily in newly industrialized countries, particularly in East Asia, and especially after the countries have adopted the capitalist and market economy as the preferred approach to improve the lives of their population. Design/methodology/approach – The authors discuss gender equality and the relationship between fertility and female labor force participation in industrialized and post-industrialized countries, in the context of role incompatibility, mainly for women and the level of the strength and rigidity of family- and gender-role norms/attitudes that affect the behaviors of men and women. Findings – The existing family-related policies and programs which have reduced the role conflict and incompatibility experienced by working mothers are reviewed and discussed under national orientations toward the resolution of work–family conflict since they could affect the relevance, acceptance, significance and effectiveness of policies being developed and approved to carry on under institutional context within a nation. Originality/value – Specific strategies and policies to reduce role incompatibility and childcare arrangements and their costs are discussed, especially for East Asian nations. Keywords Childcare arrangements, Gender equity, Gender-role attitudes, Motherhood and work, Nations of families/individuals, Role incompatibility Paper type Research paper Introduction In the last few decades, several Asian populations have joined Europe in the low-fertility league. Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea and Hong Kong SAR are among the ultra-low fertility countries in the whole world, and even China has reached fertility levels lower than those in many European countries. In 2011 the total fertility rates in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and...
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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
2046-3162
DOI
10.1108/AEDS-02-2016-0016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to focus on the issue and the reasons why fertility patterns in many industrialized and post-industrialized societies decline so rapidly, primarily in newly industrialized countries, particularly in East Asia, and especially after the countries have adopted the capitalist and market economy as the preferred approach to improve the lives of their population.Design/methodology/approachThe authors discuss gender equality and the relationship between fertility and female labor force participation in industrialized and post-industrialized countries, in the context of role incompatibility, mainly for women and the level of the strength and rigidity of family- and gender-role norms/attitudes that affect the behaviors of men and women.FindingsThe existing family-related policies and programs which have reduced the role conflict and incompatibility experienced by working mothers are reviewed and discussed under national orientations toward the resolution of work–family conflict since they could affect the relevance, acceptance, significance and effectiveness of policies being developed and approved to carry on under institutional context within a nation.Originality/valueSpecific strategies and policies to reduce role incompatibility and childcare arrangements and their costs are discussed, especially for East Asian nations.

Journal

Asian Education and Development StudiesEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 10, 2017

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