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Twin deficits hypothesis in Bangladesh: an empirical investigation

Twin deficits hypothesis in Bangladesh: an empirical investigation This study attempts to examine the twin deficits hypothesis for Bangladesh. Along with the traditional twin deficits hypothesis associated with the current account and fiscal deficit, the paper also explores the causal relationship between the trade deficit and fiscal deficit.Design/methodology/approachWe start with the investigation of the conventional twin deficit hypothesis employing autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach in a multivariate framework. Due to the absence of cointegration between the budget deficit and trade deficit, the study adopts a multivariate vector autoregressive (VAR) model to analyze the nexus.FindingsThe study supports the presence of the twin deficits hypothesis in Bangladesh, both in the short run and long run. Unidirectional causation running from the budget deficit to the current account deficit in the long run. The trade model also supports the twin deficit hypothesis, like the aforementioned current account model.Practical implicationsTherefore, the sustainable fiscal deficit is the key to maintain a stable current account deficit and trade deficit in Bangladesh.Originality/valueThe study incorporates the country risk indicators to address the governance issue while analyzing the models' deficit scenarios because good governance is an integral part of explaining the development outcome and failure of a country like Bangladesh. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Emerging Markets Emerald Publishing

Twin deficits hypothesis in Bangladesh: an empirical investigation

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References (45)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
1746-8809
DOI
10.1108/ijoem-06-2020-0628
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study attempts to examine the twin deficits hypothesis for Bangladesh. Along with the traditional twin deficits hypothesis associated with the current account and fiscal deficit, the paper also explores the causal relationship between the trade deficit and fiscal deficit.Design/methodology/approachWe start with the investigation of the conventional twin deficit hypothesis employing autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach in a multivariate framework. Due to the absence of cointegration between the budget deficit and trade deficit, the study adopts a multivariate vector autoregressive (VAR) model to analyze the nexus.FindingsThe study supports the presence of the twin deficits hypothesis in Bangladesh, both in the short run and long run. Unidirectional causation running from the budget deficit to the current account deficit in the long run. The trade model also supports the twin deficit hypothesis, like the aforementioned current account model.Practical implicationsTherefore, the sustainable fiscal deficit is the key to maintain a stable current account deficit and trade deficit in Bangladesh.Originality/valueThe study incorporates the country risk indicators to address the governance issue while analyzing the models' deficit scenarios because good governance is an integral part of explaining the development outcome and failure of a country like Bangladesh.

Journal

International Journal of Emerging MarketsEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 29, 2022

Keywords: Current account deficit; Trade deficit; Twin deficits; VAR; ARDL; Granger causality; C32; E62; F32; H62; O53

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