Purpose– The dispatching of trucks in earthmoving and like operations is worthy of examination because of potential emission reductions and savings through the appropriate allocation of trucks to excavators and dump sites. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach– Truck dispatching is performed through linear programming (LP) and the effect of truck allocation on unit emissions and unit costs established. Number of trucks, unit cost and unit emissions are all considered as objective functions. A cut and fill operation on a road project provides a numerical case study. Findings– It is demonstrated analytically that the minimum unit emissions solution is the same as that for minimum unit cost. Numerical results from the case study, including sensitivity analyses on the underlying parameters, support this conclusion. Practical implications– The LP dispatching solution, based on minimizing truck numbers and unit costs, accordingly impacts the environment the least in terms of emissions. The paper's results will be of interest to those designing and managing earthmoving and like operations for production, cost and emissions. Originality/value– While LP has been used by others to examine optimum unit cost dispatching, this paper is original in examining the dispatching or truck allocation based on both unit cost and unit emissions, and showing the relationship between the optima for both.
Smart and Sustainable Built Environment Market – Emerald Publishing
Published: Sep 9, 2014
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