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Transgender women of color: discrimination and depression symptoms

Transgender women of color: discrimination and depression symptoms Purpose – Trans women of color contend with multiple marginalizations; the purpose of this study is to examine associations between experiencing discriminatory (racist/transphobic) events and depression symptoms. It uses a categorical measure of combined discrimination, and examines a protective association of transgender identity on depression symptoms. Design/methodology/approach – Data from a subset of trans women of color participants in the Sheroes study were analyzed with linear and logistic regression. Associations of depression symptoms with racist and transphobic events, combined discrimination, coping self‐efficacy, and transgender identity were assessed with odds ratios. Findings – Exposure to discriminatory events and combined discrimination positively associated with depression symptom odds. Increased transgender identity associated with increased coping self‐efficacy, which negatively associated with depression symptom odds. Research limitations/implications – Cross‐sectional study data prohibits inferring causality; results support conducting longitudinal research on discrimination's health effects, and research on transgender identity. Results also support operationalizing intersectionality in health research. The study's categorical approach to combined discrimination may be replicable in studies with hard to reach populations and small sample sizes. Practical implications – Health programs could pursue psychosocial interventions and anti‐discrimination campaigns. Interventions might advocate increasing participants’ coping self‐efficacy while providing space to explore and develop social identity. Social implications – There is a need for policy and health programs to center trans women of color concerns. Originality/value – This study examines combined discrimination and identity in relation to depression symptoms among trans women of color, an underserved population. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care Emerald Publishing

Transgender women of color: discrimination and depression symptoms

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1757-0980
DOI
10.1108/EIHSC-08-2013-0013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – Trans women of color contend with multiple marginalizations; the purpose of this study is to examine associations between experiencing discriminatory (racist/transphobic) events and depression symptoms. It uses a categorical measure of combined discrimination, and examines a protective association of transgender identity on depression symptoms. Design/methodology/approach – Data from a subset of trans women of color participants in the Sheroes study were analyzed with linear and logistic regression. Associations of depression symptoms with racist and transphobic events, combined discrimination, coping self‐efficacy, and transgender identity were assessed with odds ratios. Findings – Exposure to discriminatory events and combined discrimination positively associated with depression symptom odds. Increased transgender identity associated with increased coping self‐efficacy, which negatively associated with depression symptom odds. Research limitations/implications – Cross‐sectional study data prohibits inferring causality; results support conducting longitudinal research on discrimination's health effects, and research on transgender identity. Results also support operationalizing intersectionality in health research. The study's categorical approach to combined discrimination may be replicable in studies with hard to reach populations and small sample sizes. Practical implications – Health programs could pursue psychosocial interventions and anti‐discrimination campaigns. Interventions might advocate increasing participants’ coping self‐efficacy while providing space to explore and develop social identity. Social implications – There is a need for policy and health programs to center trans women of color concerns. Originality/value – This study examines combined discrimination and identity in relation to depression symptoms among trans women of color, an underserved population.

Journal

Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social CareEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 29, 2013

Keywords: Discrimination; Health; Depression; Transgender; Race

References