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Towards a taxonomy of crowdsourced delivery business models

Towards a taxonomy of crowdsourced delivery business models The paper aims to develop (1) a comprehensive framework for classifying crowdshipping business models and (2) a taxonomy of currently implemented crowdshipping business models.Design/methodology/approachThe business models of 105 companies offering crowdsourced delivery services are analysed. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis are applied to develop a business model taxonomy.FindingsA detailed crowdsourced delivery business model framework with 74 features is developed. Based on it, six distinct clusters of crowdshipping business models are identified. One cluster stands out as the most appealing to customers based on social media metrics, indicating which type of crowdshipping business models is the most successful.Research limitations/implicationsDetailed investigations of each of the six clusters and of recent crowdshipping business model developments are needed in further research in order to enhance the derived taxonomy.Practical implicationsThis paper serves as a best-practices guide for both start-ups and global logistics operators for establishing or further developing their crowdsourced delivery business models.Originality/valueThis paper provides a holistic understanding of the business models applied in the crowdshipping industry and is a valuable contribution to the yet small amount of studies in the crowd logistics field. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management Emerald Publishing

Towards a taxonomy of crowdsourced delivery business models

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0960-0035
DOI
10.1108/ijpdlm-10-2019-0326
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The paper aims to develop (1) a comprehensive framework for classifying crowdshipping business models and (2) a taxonomy of currently implemented crowdshipping business models.Design/methodology/approachThe business models of 105 companies offering crowdsourced delivery services are analysed. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis are applied to develop a business model taxonomy.FindingsA detailed crowdsourced delivery business model framework with 74 features is developed. Based on it, six distinct clusters of crowdshipping business models are identified. One cluster stands out as the most appealing to customers based on social media metrics, indicating which type of crowdshipping business models is the most successful.Research limitations/implicationsDetailed investigations of each of the six clusters and of recent crowdshipping business model developments are needed in further research in order to enhance the derived taxonomy.Practical implicationsThis paper serves as a best-practices guide for both start-ups and global logistics operators for establishing or further developing their crowdsourced delivery business models.Originality/valueThis paper provides a holistic understanding of the business models applied in the crowdshipping industry and is a valuable contribution to the yet small amount of studies in the crowd logistics field.

Journal

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: May 27, 2021

Keywords: Crowd logistics; Crowdshipping; Crowdsourced delivery; Sharing economy; Cluster analysis; Business model

References