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The reliability assessment of flip chip components

The reliability assessment of flip chip components Flip chip technology involves the attachment of active side of the silicon chip onto printed circuit board or substrate. The interconnections are provided by solder bumps, which are arranged in the area under the chip. Encapsulation helps reduce the impact of the thermal stress that results from the mismatch in the coefficient of thermal expansion between the silicon chip and the substrate. The adhesion of the encapsulant to the chip and the board coating are essential to the reliability of the package. This paper studies the adhesion characteristics of an encapsulant to a flip chip package. The quality of the encapsulation was inspected using a scanning acoustic microscope. The electrical continuity of the assemblies was tested during the liquidtoliquid thermal shock testing. The various delamination mechanisms were then studied. Delamination was found predominantly at the interface between the passivation layer and the encapsulant material. Comparisons were made between samples assembled by different materials used, such as chip passivation layer, encapsulant materials, and fluxes. Finally, the best material combination was determined. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Microelectronics International Emerald Publishing

The reliability assessment of flip chip components

Microelectronics International , Volume 21 (2): 6 – Aug 1, 2004

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1356-5362
DOI
10.1108/13565360410531962
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Flip chip technology involves the attachment of active side of the silicon chip onto printed circuit board or substrate. The interconnections are provided by solder bumps, which are arranged in the area under the chip. Encapsulation helps reduce the impact of the thermal stress that results from the mismatch in the coefficient of thermal expansion between the silicon chip and the substrate. The adhesion of the encapsulant to the chip and the board coating are essential to the reliability of the package. This paper studies the adhesion characteristics of an encapsulant to a flip chip package. The quality of the encapsulation was inspected using a scanning acoustic microscope. The electrical continuity of the assemblies was tested during the liquidtoliquid thermal shock testing. The various delamination mechanisms were then studied. Delamination was found predominantly at the interface between the passivation layer and the encapsulant material. Comparisons were made between samples assembled by different materials used, such as chip passivation layer, encapsulant materials, and fluxes. Finally, the best material combination was determined.

Journal

Microelectronics InternationalEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 1, 2004

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