THE PROFESSION'S MODELS OF INFORMATION A COGNITIVE LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS

THE PROFESSION'S MODELS OF INFORMATION A COGNITIVE LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS This study establishes three predominant cognitive models of information and the information transfer process manifest in the literature of library and information science, based on a linguistic analysis of phrases incorporating the word information from a random sample of abstracts in the LISA database. The direct communication DC and indirect communication IC models drawn from Reddy's frameworks of metalinguistic usage adopt the perspective of the information system the informationseeking IS model takes the viewpoint of the information user. Two disturbing findings are presented 1. core elements of the DC and IC models are more weakly supported by the data than are most of the peripheral elements and 2. even though the IS model presents the information user's perspective, the data emphasise the role of the information system. These findings suggest respectively that the field lacks a coherent model of information transfer per se and that our model of information retrieval is mechanistic, oblivious to the cognitive models of end users. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Documentation Emerald Publishing

THE PROFESSION'S MODELS OF INFORMATION A COGNITIVE LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS

Journal of Documentation, Volume 47 (2): 11 – Feb 1, 1991

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
0022-0418
DOI
10.1108/eb026874
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study establishes three predominant cognitive models of information and the information transfer process manifest in the literature of library and information science, based on a linguistic analysis of phrases incorporating the word information from a random sample of abstracts in the LISA database. The direct communication DC and indirect communication IC models drawn from Reddy's frameworks of metalinguistic usage adopt the perspective of the information system the informationseeking IS model takes the viewpoint of the information user. Two disturbing findings are presented 1. core elements of the DC and IC models are more weakly supported by the data than are most of the peripheral elements and 2. even though the IS model presents the information user's perspective, the data emphasise the role of the information system. These findings suggest respectively that the field lacks a coherent model of information transfer per se and that our model of information retrieval is mechanistic, oblivious to the cognitive models of end users.

Journal

Journal of DocumentationEmerald Publishing

Published: Feb 1, 1991

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