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The presentation, recognition and diagnosis of autism in women and girls

The presentation, recognition and diagnosis of autism in women and girls Autistic women and girls have received comparatively less attention within clinical practice and research. Research suggests women tend to be diagnosed later than men, and are more likely to experience misdiagnosis.Design/methodology/approachThis paper aims to report a narrative literature review that examines research on the presentation, recognition, and diagnosis of autistic women and girls.FindingsFindings suggest that autistic females present differently to males and highlight low recognition of the female presentation of autism among the general public, in social spheres, educational, clinical and forensic settings. This lack of recognition appears to affect the likelihood of females being referred for diagnosis, the reliability of diagnostic assessments and subsequent access to support.Originality/valueRecommendations for clinical practice focus on initiatives to increase awareness of the female presentation of autism, improving the diagnostic process for females, increasing female representation within autism training and for future research to support these goals. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Autism Emerald Publishing

The presentation, recognition and diagnosis of autism in women and girls

Advances in Autism , Volume 7 (3): 14 – Aug 11, 2021

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References (82)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2056-3868
DOI
10.1108/aia-12-2019-0050
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Autistic women and girls have received comparatively less attention within clinical practice and research. Research suggests women tend to be diagnosed later than men, and are more likely to experience misdiagnosis.Design/methodology/approachThis paper aims to report a narrative literature review that examines research on the presentation, recognition, and diagnosis of autistic women and girls.FindingsFindings suggest that autistic females present differently to males and highlight low recognition of the female presentation of autism among the general public, in social spheres, educational, clinical and forensic settings. This lack of recognition appears to affect the likelihood of females being referred for diagnosis, the reliability of diagnostic assessments and subsequent access to support.Originality/valueRecommendations for clinical practice focus on initiatives to increase awareness of the female presentation of autism, improving the diagnostic process for females, increasing female representation within autism training and for future research to support these goals.

Journal

Advances in AutismEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 11, 2021

Keywords: Gender; Female; Autism spectrum disorder; Asperger syndrome; Neurodevelopmental; Pervasive developmental disorder; Developmental disorder; Sex differences

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