closely allied to the aircraft industry since its birth; Salter valve springs were used in the de Havilland Comet which won the England- Australia air race in 1934, and today Salter Belleville washers are used in the Gamma rocket Hypersonic Flow Symposium — Salter History engine and the Black Knight research vehicle. This year the firm celebrates its bi-centenary and Hypersonic Flow. Ed. A. R. Collar and J. give a very thorough review of the problem of this book has been written by Mary Bache, a Tinkler (1959 Colston Symposium) [Butter- determining this flow field. One of the longest member of the family, to celebrate this event and worths Scientific Publications. 70s.] papers is by J-P Guirand on Newtonia n flow over record the history of the family, buildings, a surface and this is an admirable exposition of products and personalities. This is the story of a It is about fifteen years since the word hyper this branch of hypersonic flow theory. firm proudly aware of its family connexions and sonic was used to distinguish the characteristics The problems confronting the aeronautical its family atmosphere. of the flow of a gas at high Mach numbers, say engineer in the design of hypersonic vehicles are greater than five, from those of a gas at low, many and difficult. The solution of some of these supersonic Mach numbers. problems would be helped if more experimental With the advent of satellites and ballistic BOOKS RECEIVED data was available on the performance of lifting missiles the necessity for research into the problems surfaces at hypersonic speeds. A call for more All books received from Publishers are listed under of hypersonic flow has increased and today a this heading. Extended reviews of a selection appear experiments on actual aircraft designs at these great deal of energy is being devoted to this later. Inclusion in this list, therefore, neither precludes high Mach numbers is made in a paper by H. relatively new branch of aeronautics. In con nor implies further notice in any particular instance. Metcalfe and examples of this lack of information junction with theoretical work must come experi are evident in his paper since many of his con High Speed Aerodynamics and Jet Propulsion, Vol. V: mental verification and this has posed new clusions about flight in the hypersonic region are Turbulent Flows and Heat Transfer. Ed. C. C. Lin. problems to the aeronautical engineer. The con formed by taking experimental results at super [Princeton University Press, Oxford University ventional supersonic wind tunnels cannot be used sonic speeds and extrapolating them to the Press. 105s.] for hypersonic testing without a great deal of higher Mach numbers of hypersonic flight. The The A.B.C. of 'Electronic Brains'. L. Bagrit. [British modification and new techniques have been paper by A. J. Eggers on configurations for long Broadcasting Corporation, London, W.1. 1s 6d.] devised to produce hypersonic flows in the range hypersonic flight is a review of the work he laboratory. Most of these new wind tunnels are Precise Measurements of Heat of Combustion with a has been doing in the United States for the past Bomb Calorimeter. R. S. Jessup. (N.B.S. Mono developments of the shock tube and are capable few years and this paper is useful in that it graph 7.) [U.S. Government Printing Office, of producing the high Mach numbers and temper presents together the results which have previously Washington 25, D.C. $0.25.] atures required for the simulation of hypersonic been published in several reports of the N.A.S.A. flow in the atmosphere. Job Evaluation. J. W. Morris. [Institute of Industrial It is noticeable that in both of these papers on the Supervisors, 24 Albert Street, Birmingham 4. 3s.] The book is a collection of fifteen papers design of hypersonic vehicles there is very little Rocket Propellant Handbook. B. Kit and D. S. delivered at the Eleventh Symposium of the mention of the behaviour of these configurations, Evered. [The Macmillan Company, New York. Colston Research Society held at the University which are designed for high Mach number 87s. 6d.] of Bristol in 1959. The contents are slightly flight, at the low subsonic speeds required for Aircraft and Missile Design and Maintenance Hand biased towards experimental techniques and landing. Some work on the stability of these con book. C. A. Overbey. [The Macmillan Company, results, there being eight papers dealing with figurations at low speeds is surely required before New York. 68S.] these topics, four on theoretical hypersonic flight in such aircraft can be considered. aerodynamics and three on the design problems of Incompressible Aerodynamics. Ed. B. Thwaites. (Fluid The design of air breathing engines for flight Motion Memoirs.) [Clarendon Press, Oxford hypersonic vehicles. at hypersonic speeds is described by R. R . Jamison. University Press. 75S.] The papers on experimental facilities are Some relatively new designs are discussed where Annual Report for 1959. [British Non-Ferrous Metals extremely useful reviews of work in progress in the combustion occurs in the flow around a Research Association, Euston Street, London, this country, the United States and France, and N.W.1. No price stated.] wing, the lifting and thrust surfaces being integral. it is encouraging to note that not only is this A hypothetical hypersonic transport aircraft is Proceedings of the International Scientific Congress work being carried out in the large Government considered where the transport is carried to a on Jet Stream and Mountain Waves. [Centro di establishments but that an important contri height of 90,000 ft. by a launcher aircraft and then Volo a Vela del Politecnico di Torino, Turin. bution is being made by the Universities. The 2,200 L. by post.] released to accelerate to hypersonic speeds. It is new hypersonic wind tunnels have a much thought that a typical journey of this aircraft Leichtbau. H. Hertel. [Springer-Verlag, Wilmersdorf, shorter period of time available for taking would be from London to Singapore in 1 hr. Berlin 1. DM. 67.50.] measurements on models than the conventional 40 mins. supersonic wind tunnels. Whereas at super A Treatise on Gyrostatics and Rotational Motion. One of the features of a symposium such as this A. Gray. [Dover Publications Inc., 180 Varick sonic speeds the running time of the tunnel is of Street, New York 14. S2.75.] is the amount of discussion that takes place after the order of a minute, the hypersonic tunnel, the papers have been read. The book includes all based on a shock tube, has a running time as low Theory of Wins Sections. A. H. Abbott and A. E. the formal discussion after each session of the von Doenhoff. [Dover. $2.95.] as a millisecond. This entails careful instru symposium and they form some of the most mentation for the wind tunnel and extensive use Theory of Flight. R. von Mises. [Dover. $2.85.] interesting parts of the book. of electrical methods for measuring and recording Calibration of Line Standards of Length and Measuring The book is very well printed, the presentation the forces on the model. Tapes at the National Bureau of Standards. L. V. is excellent and the publishers should be con The paper by B. D . Henshall describes some Judson. NBS Monograph 15. [US. Government gratulated on producing the book so soon after Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. $0.15.] experimental results from the shock tunnel at the the symposium. Quite often a book of this N.P.L. and these go a long way towards ex Mechanical Engineering Research 1959. National nature takes so long to be published that the Engineering Laboratory, D.S.I.R. [H.M.S.O. 4s. 6d.] plaining the mechanism of the flow in a shock information given in it is made obsolete by further tube. The great variety of work at the Naval Systems Preliminary Design. J. J. Jerger. (Principles of work. Ordinance Laboratories is very well presented by Guided Missile Design.) [D. Van Nostrand Co. As a review of some branches of hypersonic 110s.] R. K. Lobb and an interesting method of aerodynamics, and in particular of the methods of measuring the temperature on a model in a British Civil Aircraft 1919-59, Vol. 2. A. J. Jackson. hypersonic experimentation, the book is useful ballistic range is described. Hypersonic gun [Putnam £3 3s.] and should be available a t all establishments where tunnels at the Armament Research and Develop 1959 ASTM Proceedings, Vol. 59. [American Society there is an interest in the aerodynamics of ment Establishment and Southampton Uni for Testing Materials, 1916 Race St., Philadelphia 3, future aircraft. versity are described by R. N . Cox and K. N . C. Pa. $12.00.] D . J. M. Bray. Hydraulic Oils. [Wakefield-Dick Industrial Oils Ltd., Since flight at high Mach numbers involves Castrol House, Marylebone Rd., London, N.W.1. high temperatures there is a need for research Free.] Salter: The Story of a Family Firm, 1760-1960. into the properties of air at these temperatures, Missile Aerodynamics. J. N. Nielsen. [McGraw-Hill. F . M. Bache. [Geo. Salter & Co. Ltd., West which may be as high as 10,000 deg. K. Two 97s.] Bromwich, Staffs. 21s.] papers, by D . L. Schultz and K. C. Lapworth of High Speed Aerodynamics and Jet Propulsion, the N.P.L., describe methods of investigating the During the year 1760 a notice appeared in the Vol. XI: Design and Performance of Gas Turbine properties of gases at these high temperatures window of a small red-brick bay-windowed Power Plants. [Princeton University Press, Oxford using a shock tube and by taking ionization and house in Bilston,—'Richard Salter, Spring University Press, 105s.] spectrographic measurements. maker'—and with this announcement the official Rubber Products, D-11. [American Society for Testing history of Salter & Co. Ltd. began. Since that The determination of the flow field between a Materials, 1916 Race St., Philadelpia 3, Pa. time the firm has grown steadily and despite the blunt body and its bow shock wave is extremely $9.75.] important in the problem of a body re-entering diversification of its products a large proportion Proceedings of Vibration Problems, No. 3. Polish the earth's atmosphere. Two very important of its business is still the manufacture of springs Academy of Sciences. [Wzorcowni PWN, ul. papers by K. W. Mangier and M. D. Van Dyke and spring balances. Salter products have been Miodowa 10, Warsaw. Cz.18.] Aircraft Engineering
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology – Emerald Publishing
Published: Aug 1, 1960
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