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The influence of status differentiation on vertical brand extension

The influence of status differentiation on vertical brand extension PurposeIn this paper, the authors aim to propose that status differentiation, the extent to which people differentiate their behaviors or attribute power to others according to perceived status differences, moderates the effect of stretch direction upward or downward and brand image prestige or functional on consumers 2019 responses to line extensions.Design/methodology/approachThis study was a 2 (culture: Chinese vs American) × 2 (stretch direction: up vs down) × 2 (brand image: prestige vs functional) experiment design. Study 2 was a 2 (status differentiation: high vs low) × 2 (stretch direction: up vs down) × 2 (brand image: prestige vs functional) experiment design.FindingsThe results of two studies show that high status differentiation has a positive prestige-enhancement effect on an upward extension but a detrimental effect on a downward extension. This effect is more pronounced for prestige brands than for functional brands. In addition, the authors have found similar patterns for the prestige perceptions of the parent brands after extension.Research limitations/implicationsThis research makes important contributions to the fields of cross-cultural psychology. The status differentiation beliefs could be primed temporarily and had a significant impact on individuals’ responses to line extension.Practical implicationsThe research identifies status differentiation as an important factor for marketers to consider when extending their brands to global markets.Originality/valuePast research on vertical extensions has examined numerous factors influencing consumers’ responses. This paper is the only one to examine culture factor. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nankai Business Review International Emerald Publishing

The influence of status differentiation on vertical brand extension

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
2040-8749
DOI
10.1108/NBRI-04-2016-0014
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeIn this paper, the authors aim to propose that status differentiation, the extent to which people differentiate their behaviors or attribute power to others according to perceived status differences, moderates the effect of stretch direction upward or downward and brand image prestige or functional on consumers 2019 responses to line extensions.Design/methodology/approachThis study was a 2 (culture: Chinese vs American) × 2 (stretch direction: up vs down) × 2 (brand image: prestige vs functional) experiment design. Study 2 was a 2 (status differentiation: high vs low) × 2 (stretch direction: up vs down) × 2 (brand image: prestige vs functional) experiment design.FindingsThe results of two studies show that high status differentiation has a positive prestige-enhancement effect on an upward extension but a detrimental effect on a downward extension. This effect is more pronounced for prestige brands than for functional brands. In addition, the authors have found similar patterns for the prestige perceptions of the parent brands after extension.Research limitations/implicationsThis research makes important contributions to the fields of cross-cultural psychology. The status differentiation beliefs could be primed temporarily and had a significant impact on individuals’ responses to line extension.Practical implicationsThe research identifies status differentiation as an important factor for marketers to consider when extending their brands to global markets.Originality/valuePast research on vertical extensions has examined numerous factors influencing consumers’ responses. This paper is the only one to examine culture factor.

Journal

Nankai Business Review InternationalEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 6, 2017

References