The impact of multicultural experience in the development of socio‐cultural adaptation for international business students

The impact of multicultural experience in the development of socio‐cultural adaptation for... Purpose – This research sets out to assess the relevance and impact of interpersonal contact, in the form of multicultural experience, in the development of socio‐cultural adaptation for international students studying in their new country. The original contribution of this research is the application of a statistical methodology to this subject area in the Asia Pacific Basin. Design/methodology/approach – The data analysis consisted of quantitative, longitudinal and cross‐sectional studies, from a sample consisting of students studying an international business degree, in the categories of living in national home culture or out of national home culture. Longitudinally, 88 students were sampled at the beginning of the semester and four months later. The cross‐sectional study of 380 students, over three years, was for students in these same categories, on the Australian and Malaysian campuses. Findings – The analysis identified that socio‐cultural adaptation statistically demonstrates an initial negative relationship with multicultural experience, but develops beyond this period with a positive increase and relationship at the end of three years. There were no significant differences for socio‐cultural adaptation and multicultural experience between students studying in or out of their national home culture. Research limitations/implications – The results statistically demonstrated a continuous increase of multicultural experience but also a U curve shape of socio‐cultural adaptation, thereby confirming previous qualitative research on the culture shock phenomena. Originality/value – This is the only statistical research to date on the U curve phenomena in the Asia Pacific Basin. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Educational Management Emerald Publishing

The impact of multicultural experience in the development of socio‐cultural adaptation for international business students

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0951-354X
DOI
10.1108/09513540710738656
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – This research sets out to assess the relevance and impact of interpersonal contact, in the form of multicultural experience, in the development of socio‐cultural adaptation for international students studying in their new country. The original contribution of this research is the application of a statistical methodology to this subject area in the Asia Pacific Basin. Design/methodology/approach – The data analysis consisted of quantitative, longitudinal and cross‐sectional studies, from a sample consisting of students studying an international business degree, in the categories of living in national home culture or out of national home culture. Longitudinally, 88 students were sampled at the beginning of the semester and four months later. The cross‐sectional study of 380 students, over three years, was for students in these same categories, on the Australian and Malaysian campuses. Findings – The analysis identified that socio‐cultural adaptation statistically demonstrates an initial negative relationship with multicultural experience, but develops beyond this period with a positive increase and relationship at the end of three years. There were no significant differences for socio‐cultural adaptation and multicultural experience between students studying in or out of their national home culture. Research limitations/implications – The results statistically demonstrated a continuous increase of multicultural experience but also a U curve shape of socio‐cultural adaptation, thereby confirming previous qualitative research on the culture shock phenomena. Originality/value – This is the only statistical research to date on the U curve phenomena in the Asia Pacific Basin.

Journal

International Journal of Educational ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Apr 3, 2007

Keywords: Overseas students; Multicultural management; South East Asia; Pacific Region

References

  • Social Learning Theory
    Bandura, A.
  • The friendship patterns of overseas students: a functional model
    Bochner, S.; McLeod, B.; Lin, A.
  • The friendship networks of foreign students: a replication and extension of the functional model
    Furnham, A.; Alibhai, N.
  • A self‐rating depression scale
    Zung, W.W.K.

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