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The effect of different types of education on the likelihood of employment in 29 post-communist countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

The effect of different types of education on the likelihood of employment in 29 post-communist... The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of a variety of levels of education, namely, high school, vocational and university education, on the probability of being employed in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.Design/methodology/approachThe data are from two waves of the Life-in-Transition Survey that covers 29 post-communist transitional countries. The number of binary logistic models is estimated to quantify the effects of different types of education on the likelihood of being employed, while controlling for different sets of covariates.FindingsThe findings reveal that the effect of employment associated with university education is higher than that of vocational education, which in turn is higher than that of high school education. However, the differences between the effects of the various levels of education are not considerable. Any specific level of education is always associated with a higher effect in Eastern Europe as compared to the former Soviet Union. The effect of education is also found to be higher for females than for males. In the former Soviet Union, the positive effect of university and vocational education on employment is found to go down with age.Originality/valueThis is the first study which compares effect of different types of education on probability of being employed on a diverse sample of 29 post-communist countries over the period of five years. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Higher Education, Skills and Work-based Learning Emerald Publishing

The effect of different types of education on the likelihood of employment in 29 post-communist countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2042-3896
DOI
10.1108/heswbl-09-2018-0092
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of a variety of levels of education, namely, high school, vocational and university education, on the probability of being employed in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.Design/methodology/approachThe data are from two waves of the Life-in-Transition Survey that covers 29 post-communist transitional countries. The number of binary logistic models is estimated to quantify the effects of different types of education on the likelihood of being employed, while controlling for different sets of covariates.FindingsThe findings reveal that the effect of employment associated with university education is higher than that of vocational education, which in turn is higher than that of high school education. However, the differences between the effects of the various levels of education are not considerable. Any specific level of education is always associated with a higher effect in Eastern Europe as compared to the former Soviet Union. The effect of education is also found to be higher for females than for males. In the former Soviet Union, the positive effect of university and vocational education on employment is found to go down with age.Originality/valueThis is the first study which compares effect of different types of education on probability of being employed on a diverse sample of 29 post-communist countries over the period of five years.

Journal

Higher Education, Skills and Work-based LearningEmerald Publishing

Published: Sep 20, 2019

Keywords: Human capital; Employment; Eastern and Central Europe and Central Asia; Effect of schooling; Return to schooling

References