Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You and Your Team.

Learn More →

The diagnosis and epidemiology of autism

The diagnosis and epidemiology of autism Purpose – This paper aims to describe the way in which autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is identified, defined and diagnosed; and how changes in the conceptualisation and understanding of autism have impacted on clinical practice and research findings. Specific issues relating to the nature of Asperger syndrome and the profile of females with ASD are discussed. Finally, the apparent increase over time in the incidence of autism is considered. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is a non‐systematic review of the current literature relating to the diagnosis and epidemiology of autism. Findings – Despite its diverse presentation and complex aetiology, the autism spectrum is increasingly well understood amongst professionals and the general public. Diagnostic criteria are revised periodically and new versions of the formal definitions are due to be published soon. The prevalence of ASD appears to be in the region of 1 per cent. There is a clear perception that the true incidence of autism is on the increase and, despite several well‐conducted epidemiological studies, it remains impossible to confirm or refute this notion. Practical implications – Diagnosis in clinical practice should involve some reference to the formal criteria, the use of standardised diagnostic instruments and should ideally take place within a multi‐disciplinary team setting. Originality/value – This paper provides an up‐to‐date review of current diagnostic practice for all professionals working with children and adults with ASD. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Tizard Learning Disability Review Emerald Publishing

The diagnosis and epidemiology of autism

Tizard Learning Disability Review , Volume 16 (4): 15 – Jul 15, 2011

Loading next page...
 
/lp/emerald-publishing/the-diagnosis-and-epidemiology-of-autism-uvkY2XSeo4
Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1359-5474
DOI
10.1108/13595471111172813
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – This paper aims to describe the way in which autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is identified, defined and diagnosed; and how changes in the conceptualisation and understanding of autism have impacted on clinical practice and research findings. Specific issues relating to the nature of Asperger syndrome and the profile of females with ASD are discussed. Finally, the apparent increase over time in the incidence of autism is considered. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is a non‐systematic review of the current literature relating to the diagnosis and epidemiology of autism. Findings – Despite its diverse presentation and complex aetiology, the autism spectrum is increasingly well understood amongst professionals and the general public. Diagnostic criteria are revised periodically and new versions of the formal definitions are due to be published soon. The prevalence of ASD appears to be in the region of 1 per cent. There is a clear perception that the true incidence of autism is on the increase and, despite several well‐conducted epidemiological studies, it remains impossible to confirm or refute this notion. Practical implications – Diagnosis in clinical practice should involve some reference to the formal criteria, the use of standardised diagnostic instruments and should ideally take place within a multi‐disciplinary team setting. Originality/value – This paper provides an up‐to‐date review of current diagnostic practice for all professionals working with children and adults with ASD.

Journal

Tizard Learning Disability ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 15, 2011

Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder; Asperger syndrome; Diagnostic criteria; Diagnostic practice; Medical diagnosis; Prevalence; Incidence; Learning disabilities; Intellectual disabilities

References