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The conditions and potential of RMB as an international reserve currency The empirical evidences from the history of eight major international reserve currencies

The conditions and potential of RMB as an international reserve currency The empirical evidences... Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the determinants for currency internationalization and forecast the potential of RMB as an international reserve currency. Design/methodology/approach – This paper performs linear or non‐linear regressions of the shares of eight major international reserve currencies as the reserve assets in global central banks on the macro economic and financial variables of their corresponding countries to identify the determinants for their international positions, and conducts an “counter‐factual simulation” for the potential of RMB as an international reserve currency. Findings – This paper finds that the economic size and the “network externalities” are the most important determinants for the international status of a reserve currency; that exchange rate volatility has negative impacts; the conditions for the RMB internationalization are basically available. The simulation for the potential of RMB as an international reserve currency reveals that the international role of RMB could surpass that of the Japanese Yen and the British Pound, and get close to Euro in the coming 15 years. Based on the empirical evidence, this paper suggests a promoting strategy for RMB internationalization. Research limitations/implications – This paper has not taken the influence of economic systemic and political factors on the process of RMB internationalization into account. Practical implications – RMB internationalization promotion should follow the strategy of “stably create RMB international demand in the initial period and dramatically release the RMB overseas supply in the latter period” in the coming 15 years. Originality/value – The conclusions and policy implications are from the results of the empirical analysis on the 45‐year historical experience on the eight main international currencies. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png China Finance Review International Emerald Publishing

The conditions and potential of RMB as an international reserve currency The empirical evidences from the history of eight major international reserve currencies

China Finance Review International , Volume 4 (2): 21 – May 13, 2014

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
2044-1398
DOI
10.1108/CFRI-07-2012-0077
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the determinants for currency internationalization and forecast the potential of RMB as an international reserve currency. Design/methodology/approach – This paper performs linear or non‐linear regressions of the shares of eight major international reserve currencies as the reserve assets in global central banks on the macro economic and financial variables of their corresponding countries to identify the determinants for their international positions, and conducts an “counter‐factual simulation” for the potential of RMB as an international reserve currency. Findings – This paper finds that the economic size and the “network externalities” are the most important determinants for the international status of a reserve currency; that exchange rate volatility has negative impacts; the conditions for the RMB internationalization are basically available. The simulation for the potential of RMB as an international reserve currency reveals that the international role of RMB could surpass that of the Japanese Yen and the British Pound, and get close to Euro in the coming 15 years. Based on the empirical evidence, this paper suggests a promoting strategy for RMB internationalization. Research limitations/implications – This paper has not taken the influence of economic systemic and political factors on the process of RMB internationalization into account. Practical implications – RMB internationalization promotion should follow the strategy of “stably create RMB international demand in the initial period and dramatically release the RMB overseas supply in the latter period” in the coming 15 years. Originality/value – The conclusions and policy implications are from the results of the empirical analysis on the 45‐year historical experience on the eight main international currencies.

Journal

China Finance Review InternationalEmerald Publishing

Published: May 13, 2014

Keywords: Potential; Conditions; RMB internationalization

References