PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to determine the antecedents and consequences of financial literacy by using meta-analytic techniques.Design/methodology/approachThe authors conducted a meta-analysis of 44 valid studies, which generated a total of 690 observations (effect sizes).FindingsThe findings showed that the factors influencing financial literacy were as follows: educational level, financial attitude, financial knowledge, financial behaviour, gender, household income and investments. The consequences of financial literacy were the behaviour of incurring avoidable credit and checking fees, credit score, and the willingness to take investment risks. The authors also find some methodological, cultural, economic and theoretical moderations effects between financial literacy and antecedent/consequent constructs.Research limitations/implicationsThis meta-analysis reviewed the relationships found worldwide in the literature on financial literacy. The authors also identified new avenues for future research. Some specific limitations, such as the non-use of qualitative studies, are registered.Originality/valueThis research tested the impact of the antecedents, consequences and moderators of financial literacy via a meta-analytical review. This meta-analysis contributes to the marketing and financial literature by offering a set of empirical generalisations about the direct and moderation effects investigated.
International Journal of Bank Marketing – Emerald Publishing
Published: Sep 2, 2019
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