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Temporary project network and innovation: research on the Italian regional wine industry

Temporary project network and innovation: research on the Italian regional wine industry Purpose – This study aims at exploring the characteristics of the Temporary Project Networks (TPNs) in small and medium‐sized wine producing enterprises, both from a theoretical and an empirical perspective. It aims to discuss different types of temporary inter‐firm collaboration clusters both in terms of structural/organizational features and in terms of innovation tasks development. It also aims to develop an empirically derived taxonomy of TPNs within the Sannio wine industry. Design/methodology/approach – The paper focuses on the literature supporting the argument that the act of innovating is related strongly with the creation of new knowledge. In particular, the knowledge‐based theory places primary emphasis on inter‐organizational knowledge exchanges in explaining enhanced knowledge creation toward better innovative outcomes. The design of forms of coordination between companies is investigated with reference to TPNs, a form of collaboration that has been less investigated in the literature, especially with respect to small to medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs). The survey concerned 40 SMEs operating in wine production in Sannio, one of the most promising areas of the Campania region and the entire Italian economic system. The research is based on the use of different quantitative instruments (administration of structured questionnaires and statistical analysis) and qualitative instruments (semi‐structured interviews of management, analysis of information material, reports as well as planning documents of the companies involved in the analysis). A cluster analysis has been carried out to identify TPN typologies. Findings – The study finds that the different kinds of inter‐organizational collaborations lead to two‐cluster solutions that refer to two of the TPNs models formalised by Bakker et al. The findings add to the view that there is variation in types of project network and go against the often held idea that temporary projects are by definition short‐termed and focused on non‐routine tasks. Originality/value – The study was able to expand the understanding of TPNs and innovation in two respects. First, it should be noted that only a few studies have adopted the TPN framework to investigate the inter‐organizational coordination mechanisms among SMEs. This study could usefully find its place in this literature gap, thus contributing to develop a typological research in order to identify TPN clusters with homogeneous distinctive characteristics. Secondly, the study has an explorative role of analysis, which can be useful for generating research hypotheses in future works, connecting the features of TPNs with the development of innovation processes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Managing Projects in Business Emerald Publishing

Temporary project network and innovation: research on the Italian regional wine industry

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved.
ISSN
1753-8378
DOI
10.1108/17538371311319025
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose – This study aims at exploring the characteristics of the Temporary Project Networks (TPNs) in small and medium‐sized wine producing enterprises, both from a theoretical and an empirical perspective. It aims to discuss different types of temporary inter‐firm collaboration clusters both in terms of structural/organizational features and in terms of innovation tasks development. It also aims to develop an empirically derived taxonomy of TPNs within the Sannio wine industry. Design/methodology/approach – The paper focuses on the literature supporting the argument that the act of innovating is related strongly with the creation of new knowledge. In particular, the knowledge‐based theory places primary emphasis on inter‐organizational knowledge exchanges in explaining enhanced knowledge creation toward better innovative outcomes. The design of forms of coordination between companies is investigated with reference to TPNs, a form of collaboration that has been less investigated in the literature, especially with respect to small to medium‐sized enterprises (SMEs). The survey concerned 40 SMEs operating in wine production in Sannio, one of the most promising areas of the Campania region and the entire Italian economic system. The research is based on the use of different quantitative instruments (administration of structured questionnaires and statistical analysis) and qualitative instruments (semi‐structured interviews of management, analysis of information material, reports as well as planning documents of the companies involved in the analysis). A cluster analysis has been carried out to identify TPN typologies. Findings – The study finds that the different kinds of inter‐organizational collaborations lead to two‐cluster solutions that refer to two of the TPNs models formalised by Bakker et al. The findings add to the view that there is variation in types of project network and go against the often held idea that temporary projects are by definition short‐termed and focused on non‐routine tasks. Originality/value – The study was able to expand the understanding of TPNs and innovation in two respects. First, it should be noted that only a few studies have adopted the TPN framework to investigate the inter‐organizational coordination mechanisms among SMEs. This study could usefully find its place in this literature gap, thus contributing to develop a typological research in order to identify TPN clusters with homogeneous distinctive characteristics. Secondly, the study has an explorative role of analysis, which can be useful for generating research hypotheses in future works, connecting the features of TPNs with the development of innovation processes.

Journal

International Journal of Managing Projects in BusinessEmerald Publishing

Published: Mar 29, 2013

Keywords: Temporary project networks; Knowledge creation; Innovation; Inter‐organizational relations; Wine industry; Wines; Italy; Knowledge management

References