The purpose of this paper is to deal with the anomaly detection problem in multi-unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) formation that can be transformed to identify some unknown parameters; a more general nonlinear dynamical model for each UAV is considered to include two terms. Due to an unknown parameter corresponding to the normal or abnormal state for each UAV, the bias-compensated approach is proposed to obtain the unbiased parameter estimation. Meanwhile, the biased error and accuracy analysis are also given in case of strict statistical description of the uncertainty or white noise. To relax this strict statistical description on external noise, an analytic center approach is proposed to identify the unknown parameters in presence of bounded noise, such that two inner and outer ellipsoidal approximations are constructed to include the membership set. To be precise, this paper is regarded as one extension and summary for the author’s previous research on the anomaly detection in multi-UAV formation. Finally, one simulation example is given to confirm the theoretical results.Design/methodology/approachFirstly, one extended nonlinear relation is constructed to embody the mutual relationship of UAVs. Secondly, to obtain the unbiased parameter estimations, the bias-compensated approach is applied to achieve it under the condition of white noise. Thirdly, in case of unknown but bounded noise, an analytic center approach is proposed to deal with this special case. Without loss of generality, the author thinks this paper can be used as one extension and summary for research on multi-UAVs formation anomaly detection.FindingsAn anomaly detection problem in multi-UAVs formation can be transformed into a problem of nonlinear system identification, and in modeling the nonlinear dynamical model for each UAV, two terms are considered simultaneously to embody the mutual relationships with other nearest UAV.Originality/valueTo the best knowledge of the authors, this problem of the anomaly detection problem in multi-UAVs formation is proposed by the authors’ previous work, and the problem of multi-UAVs formation anomaly detection can be transferred into one problem of parameter identification. In case of unknown but bounded noise, an analytic center approach is proposed to identify the unknown parameters, which correspond to achieve the goal of the anomaly detection.
Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology – Emerald Publishing
Published: Feb 16, 2021
Keywords: Anomaly detection; Analytic center approach; Bias-compensated approach; Multi-UAVs formation