Purpose – The study seeks to illuminate factors that benefit, or do not benefit, the development of swift trust towards leaders in temporary military groups. Design/methodology/approach – The study group comprised 50 Norwegian cadets, 34 Norwegian military officers, 317 Swedish cadets, and 190 Swedish military officers. Data were gathered using a questionnaire which included two open‐ended questions on aspects which contribute to swift trust (and lack thereof) towards leaders, as well as Likert‐scale questions on temporary group characteristics, and a personality inventory. Findings – A qualitative clustering analysis of the open‐ended responses yielded a hierarchical model of aspects which contribute to swift trust (or the lack thereof) with the following two superior categories: individual‐related characteristics such as emotional stability and relationship‐related characteristics such as encourage involvement and creativity. The latter superior category covaried most strongly with ratings of the groups' performance. Research limitations/implications – The results need to be substantiated by further research in other professional groups and cultures. Practical implications – The findings can help leaders of temporary groups become more conscious of how they may affect the group members' development of swift trust. Originality/value – The hierarchical and detailed model of aspects which contribute to swift trust in leaders of temporary groups is new.
Team Performance Management – Emerald Publishing
Published: Oct 18, 2011
Keywords: Swift trust; Temporary groups; Military leadership; Personality; Leadership; Armed forces