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Supporting a nation khat farming and livelihoods in Ethiopia

Supporting a nation khat farming and livelihoods in Ethiopia Supporting a nation: khat farming and livelihoods in Ethiopia coffee as the major export commodity of Ethiopia. In 2001/2002 over 8 million kilograms of khat was produced, of which 28% was used for household consumption and 67% for sale. Khat’s status as a cash crop is also confirmed with over US$413 million earned from exporting 86,625 metric tonnes between 1990/91 and 2003/04.The state collected over US$1.3 billion between 1980 and 2002 from khat taxes on domestic and export trade. During the 1990s khat tax revenue averaged 1.7% of Ethiopia’s GDP. This is more than the health expenditure of the country. Khat cultivation and the agrarian context The commodification of khat started in the early 20th century when farmers in eastern Ethiopia intensified intercropping.The surplus khat appeared in town markets mainly destined for Muslim clergy and traders from the Middle East. Farmers, in return, purchased consumer goods such as salt, soap, kerosene fuel.While increasing khat cultivation and coverage meant replacing food crops - exposing A khat sorting bay at an Degol Hailu communities to food insecurity - farmers Ethiopian market Economist, Centre for Development Policy continued to cultivate it in response to state and Research, SOAS, University of London control http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Drugs and Alcohol Today Emerald Publishing

Supporting a nation khat farming and livelihoods in Ethiopia

Drugs and Alcohol Today , Volume 5 (3): 3 – Nov 1, 2005

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1745-9265
DOI
10.1108/17459265200500042
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Supporting a nation: khat farming and livelihoods in Ethiopia coffee as the major export commodity of Ethiopia. In 2001/2002 over 8 million kilograms of khat was produced, of which 28% was used for household consumption and 67% for sale. Khat’s status as a cash crop is also confirmed with over US$413 million earned from exporting 86,625 metric tonnes between 1990/91 and 2003/04.The state collected over US$1.3 billion between 1980 and 2002 from khat taxes on domestic and export trade. During the 1990s khat tax revenue averaged 1.7% of Ethiopia’s GDP. This is more than the health expenditure of the country. Khat cultivation and the agrarian context The commodification of khat started in the early 20th century when farmers in eastern Ethiopia intensified intercropping.The surplus khat appeared in town markets mainly destined for Muslim clergy and traders from the Middle East. Farmers, in return, purchased consumer goods such as salt, soap, kerosene fuel.While increasing khat cultivation and coverage meant replacing food crops - exposing A khat sorting bay at an Degol Hailu communities to food insecurity - farmers Ethiopian market Economist, Centre for Development Policy continued to cultivate it in response to state and Research, SOAS, University of London control

Journal

Drugs and Alcohol TodayEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 1, 2005

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