This study aims to analyze Kickstarter data along with social media data from a data mining perspective. Kickstarter is a crowdfunding financing plataform and is a form of fundraising and is increasingly being adopted as a source for achieving the viability of projects. Despite its importance and adoption growth, the success rate of crowdfunding campaigns was 47% in 2017, and it has decreased over the years. A way of increasing the chances of success of campaigns would be to predict, by using machine learning techniques, if a campaign would be successful. By applying classification models, it is possible to estimate if whether or not a campaign will achieve success, and by applying regression models, the authors can forecast the amount of money to be funded.Design/methodology/approachThe authors propose a solution in two phases, namely, launching and campaigning. As a result, models better suited for each point in time of a campaign life cycle.FindingsThe authors produced a static predictor capable of classifying the campaigns with an accuracy of 71%. The regression method for phase one achieved a 6.45 of root mean squared error. The dynamic classifier was able to achieve 85% of accuracy before 10% of campaign duration, the equivalent of 3 days, given a campaign with 30 days of length. At this same period time, it was able to achieve a forecasting performance of 2.5 of root mean squared error.Originality/valueThe authors carry out this research presenting the results with a set of real data from a crowdfunding platform. The results are discussed according to the existing literature. This provides a comprehensive review, detailing important research instructions for advancing this field of literature.
International Journal of Web Information Systems – Emerald Publishing
Published: Oct 8, 2020
Keywords: Crowdfunding; Classification; Prediction; Regression; Machine learning; Artificial intelligence; Advanced Web applications; Web mining; Web search and information extraction