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State ownership and early internationalization of Chinese firms: the moderating roles of firm size and the proportion of SOEs

State ownership and early internationalization of Chinese firms: the moderating roles of firm... Applying the institution-based view and the resource-based view, this study explores how state ownership influences early internationalization of emerging market firms, how it interacts with firm size to have an impact and how the proportion of SOEs moderates this interaction effect.Design/methodology/approachBased on a sample of 717 Chinese listed firms, this study uses Poisson regression, ordinary least square regression and Heckman two-stage estimation to analyze the data.FindingsThis study finds state ownership does not influence early internationalization, state ownership and firm size jointly can have a significant impact, and the proportion of SOEs in an industry sector can moderate this interaction effect.Originality/valueThis study enriches our understanding of the impact of home government involvement on internationalization strategies of emerging market firms, contributes to early internationalization research by building the theoretical mechanisms about these direct and interaction effects and by providing empirical results and provides important advices to firm decision-makers and government policymakers. By examining these interaction effects, it also provides a solution to the theoretical conflict created by the two opposing effects of state ownership. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cross Cultural & Strategic Management Emerald Publishing

State ownership and early internationalization of Chinese firms: the moderating roles of firm size and the proportion of SOEs

Cross Cultural & Strategic Management , Volume 29 (1): 22 – Jan 3, 2022

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2059-5794
DOI
10.1108/ccsm-01-2021-0013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Applying the institution-based view and the resource-based view, this study explores how state ownership influences early internationalization of emerging market firms, how it interacts with firm size to have an impact and how the proportion of SOEs moderates this interaction effect.Design/methodology/approachBased on a sample of 717 Chinese listed firms, this study uses Poisson regression, ordinary least square regression and Heckman two-stage estimation to analyze the data.FindingsThis study finds state ownership does not influence early internationalization, state ownership and firm size jointly can have a significant impact, and the proportion of SOEs in an industry sector can moderate this interaction effect.Originality/valueThis study enriches our understanding of the impact of home government involvement on internationalization strategies of emerging market firms, contributes to early internationalization research by building the theoretical mechanisms about these direct and interaction effects and by providing empirical results and provides important advices to firm decision-makers and government policymakers. By examining these interaction effects, it also provides a solution to the theoretical conflict created by the two opposing effects of state ownership.

Journal

Cross Cultural & Strategic ManagementEmerald Publishing

Published: Jan 3, 2022

Keywords: Early internationalization; State ownership; Firm size; The proportion of SOEs; Chinese firms

References