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Spatial–temporal dynamics of rainfall erosivity in the state of Espírito Santo (Brazil) from remote sensing data

Spatial–temporal dynamics of rainfall erosivity in the state of Espírito Santo (Brazil) from... The most common methodology to estimate erosivity is using rainfall data obtained from rain monitoring stations. However, the quality of this estimation may be compromised due to low density, operational problems and maintenance cost of rainfall monitoring stations, common problem encountered in developing countries such as Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the applicability of pluviometric data obtained by TRMM satellite images for the spatiotemporal characterization of erosivity in the state of Espírito Santo (Brazil).Design/methodology/approachFor this, rainfall data and annual and monthly erosivities of 71 rainfall stations were statistically compared with those from TRMM images.FindingsFor this, rainfall data and annual and monthly erosivities of 71 rainfall stations were statistically compared with those from TRMM images. The estimate proved that TRMM is efficient since the NSE values were higher than 0.70 and the coefficient of determination was higher than 0.77 for monthly and annual erosivities, but in most months and yearly, erosivity was overestimated.Practical implicationsThe use of satellite images to estimate rainfall allowed the spatial representation over time (months) of the oscillating degree of erosivity in the state of Espírito Santo (Brazil). The spatialization may provide an identification of areas and periods in which are essential for the implementation of land use management in order to minimize environmental problems related to soil loss.Originality/valueThe technique applied may be an alternative to overcome common problems on rainfall monitoring station, such as low density, low data reliability, high manutention and maintenance cost and operational problems. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png World Journal of Science Technology and Sustainable Development Emerald Publishing

Spatial–temporal dynamics of rainfall erosivity in the state of Espírito Santo (Brazil) from remote sensing data

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References (36)

Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
2042-5945
DOI
10.1108/wjstsd-08-2019-0059
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The most common methodology to estimate erosivity is using rainfall data obtained from rain monitoring stations. However, the quality of this estimation may be compromised due to low density, operational problems and maintenance cost of rainfall monitoring stations, common problem encountered in developing countries such as Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the applicability of pluviometric data obtained by TRMM satellite images for the spatiotemporal characterization of erosivity in the state of Espírito Santo (Brazil).Design/methodology/approachFor this, rainfall data and annual and monthly erosivities of 71 rainfall stations were statistically compared with those from TRMM images.FindingsFor this, rainfall data and annual and monthly erosivities of 71 rainfall stations were statistically compared with those from TRMM images. The estimate proved that TRMM is efficient since the NSE values were higher than 0.70 and the coefficient of determination was higher than 0.77 for monthly and annual erosivities, but in most months and yearly, erosivity was overestimated.Practical implicationsThe use of satellite images to estimate rainfall allowed the spatial representation over time (months) of the oscillating degree of erosivity in the state of Espírito Santo (Brazil). The spatialization may provide an identification of areas and periods in which are essential for the implementation of land use management in order to minimize environmental problems related to soil loss.Originality/valueThe technique applied may be an alternative to overcome common problems on rainfall monitoring station, such as low density, low data reliability, high manutention and maintenance cost and operational problems.

Journal

World Journal of Science Technology and Sustainable DevelopmentEmerald Publishing

Published: Jul 16, 2020

Keywords: TRMM satellite; Erosion; Precipitation; Geoprocessing techniques

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