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Sharing personal genetic information: the impact of privacy concern and awareness of benefit

Sharing personal genetic information: the impact of privacy concern and awareness of benefit PurposeHuman genomic research (HGR) demands very large pools of data to generate meaningful inference. Yet, the sharing of one’s genetic data for research is a voluntary act. The collection of data sufficient to fuel rapid advancement is contingent on individuals’ willingness to share. Privacy risks associated with sharing this unique and intensely personal data are significant. Genetic data is an unambiguous identifier. Public linkage of donor to their genetic data could reveal predisposition to diseases, behaviors, paternity, heredity, intelligence, etc. The aim of this study is to understand individuals’ willingness to volunteer their private information in this high-risk/high-reward context.Design/methodology/approachWe collect survey data from 273 respondents and employ structural equation modeling techniques to analyze responses. FindingsWe find statistical support for our theorization. We find that while heightened awareness of the benefits and risks of sharing correlates with increased privacy concerns, the net impact is an increase in intention to share. Originality/valueThis study contributes a theoretically and empirically informed model which demonstrates the impact of awareness and privacy concern on individuals’ willingness to share their genetic data for large-scale HGR. It helps inform a rising class of data sufficiency problems related to large-scale medical research. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society Emerald Publishing

Sharing personal genetic information: the impact of privacy concern and awareness of benefit

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1477-996X
DOI
10.1108/JICES-07-2015-0025
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeHuman genomic research (HGR) demands very large pools of data to generate meaningful inference. Yet, the sharing of one’s genetic data for research is a voluntary act. The collection of data sufficient to fuel rapid advancement is contingent on individuals’ willingness to share. Privacy risks associated with sharing this unique and intensely personal data are significant. Genetic data is an unambiguous identifier. Public linkage of donor to their genetic data could reveal predisposition to diseases, behaviors, paternity, heredity, intelligence, etc. The aim of this study is to understand individuals’ willingness to volunteer their private information in this high-risk/high-reward context.Design/methodology/approachWe collect survey data from 273 respondents and employ structural equation modeling techniques to analyze responses. FindingsWe find statistical support for our theorization. We find that while heightened awareness of the benefits and risks of sharing correlates with increased privacy concerns, the net impact is an increase in intention to share. Originality/valueThis study contributes a theoretically and empirically informed model which demonstrates the impact of awareness and privacy concern on individuals’ willingness to share their genetic data for large-scale HGR. It helps inform a rising class of data sufficiency problems related to large-scale medical research.

Journal

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in SocietyEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 8, 2016

References