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Sensor system for use with low intensity pulsed ultrasound

Sensor system for use with low intensity pulsed ultrasound Ultrasound is a well-established technology in medical science, though many of the conventional measurement systems (hydrophones and radiation force balances [RFBs]) often lack accuracy and tend to be expensive. This is a significant problem where sensors must be considered to be “disposable” because they inevitably come into contact with biological fluids and expense increases dramatically in cases where a large number of sensors in array form are required. This is inevitably the case where ultrasound is to be used for the in vitro growth stimulation of a large plurality of biological samples in tissue engineering. Traditionally only a single excitation frequency is used (typically 1.5 MHz), but future research demands a larger choice of wavelengths for which a single broadband measurement transducer is desirable. Furthermore, because of implementation conditions there can also be large discrepancies between measurements. The purpose of this paper deals with a very cost-effective alternative to expensive RFBs and hydrophones.Design/methodology/approachUtilization of cost-effective piezoelectric elements as broadband sensors.FindingsVery effective results with equivalent (if not better) accuracy than expensive alternatives.Originality/valueThis paper concentrates on how very cost-effective piezoelectric ultrasound transducers can be implemented as sensors for ultrasound power measurements with accuracy as good, if not better than those achievable using radiation force balances or hydrophones. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sensor Review Emerald Publishing

Sensor system for use with low intensity pulsed ultrasound

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Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
© Emerald Publishing Limited
ISSN
0260-2288
DOI
10.1108/sr-11-2018-0304
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ultrasound is a well-established technology in medical science, though many of the conventional measurement systems (hydrophones and radiation force balances [RFBs]) often lack accuracy and tend to be expensive. This is a significant problem where sensors must be considered to be “disposable” because they inevitably come into contact with biological fluids and expense increases dramatically in cases where a large number of sensors in array form are required. This is inevitably the case where ultrasound is to be used for the in vitro growth stimulation of a large plurality of biological samples in tissue engineering. Traditionally only a single excitation frequency is used (typically 1.5 MHz), but future research demands a larger choice of wavelengths for which a single broadband measurement transducer is desirable. Furthermore, because of implementation conditions there can also be large discrepancies between measurements. The purpose of this paper deals with a very cost-effective alternative to expensive RFBs and hydrophones.Design/methodology/approachUtilization of cost-effective piezoelectric elements as broadband sensors.FindingsVery effective results with equivalent (if not better) accuracy than expensive alternatives.Originality/valueThis paper concentrates on how very cost-effective piezoelectric ultrasound transducers can be implemented as sensors for ultrasound power measurements with accuracy as good, if not better than those achievable using radiation force balances or hydrophones.

Journal

Sensor ReviewEmerald Publishing

Published: Nov 5, 2019

Keywords: Sensors; Tissue engineering; Ultrasound; Hydrophone; Mesenchymal stem cell; Piezoelectric transducer; Radiation force balance

References