Rule based fuzzy cognitive maps and natural language processing in machine ethics

Rule based fuzzy cognitive maps and natural language processing in machine ethics PurposeThe developing academic field of machine ethics seeks to make artificial agents safer as they become more pervasive throughout society. In contrast to computer ethics, machine ethics is concerned with the behavior of machines towards human users and other machines. In this study, an action-based ethical theory founded on the combinational aspects of deontological and teleological theories of ethics is used in the construction of an artificial moral agent (AMA). Design/methodology/approachThe decision results derived by the AMA are acquired via fuzzy logic interpretation of the relative values of the steady state simulations of the corresponding RBFCM. FindingsThrough the use of rule based fuzzy cognitive maps, the following paper illustrates the possibility of incorporating ethical components into machines, where LSA and RBFCMs can be used to model dynamic and complex situations, and to provide abilities in acquiring causal knowledge.Research limitations/implicationsThis approach is especially appropriate for data poor and uncertain situations common in ethics. Nonetheless, to ensure that a machine with an ethical component can function autonomously in the world, research in AI will need to further investigate the representation and determination of ethical principles, the incorporation of these ethical principles into a system’s decision procedure, ethical decision making with incomplete and uncertain knowledge, the explanation for decisions made using ethical principles, and the evaluation of systems that act based upon ethical principles.Practical implicationsTo date, the conducted research has contributed to a theoretical foundation for machine ethics through exploration of the rationale and the feasibility of adding an ethical dimension to machines. Further, the constructed artificial moral agent illustrates the possibility of utilizing an action-based ethical theory that provides guidance in ethical decision-making according to the precepts of its respective duties. The use of LSA illustrates their powerful capabilities in understanding text and their potential application as information retrieval systems in artificial moral agents. The use of cognitive maps provides an approach and a decision procedure for resolving conflicts between different duties. Originality/valueSuggesting that cognitive maps could be used in artificial moral agents as tools for meta-analysis, where comparisons regarding multiple ethical principles and duties can be examined and considered. With cognitive mapping, complex and abstract variables that cannot easily be measured but are important to decision-making can be modeled. This approach is especially appropriate for data poor and uncertain situations common in ethics. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society Emerald Publishing

Rule based fuzzy cognitive maps and natural language processing in machine ethics

Loading next page...
 
/lp/emerald-publishing/rule-based-fuzzy-cognitive-maps-and-natural-language-processing-in-Io9n9mZXnT
Publisher
Emerald Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
ISSN
1477-996X
DOI
10.1108/JICES-10-2015-0034
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PurposeThe developing academic field of machine ethics seeks to make artificial agents safer as they become more pervasive throughout society. In contrast to computer ethics, machine ethics is concerned with the behavior of machines towards human users and other machines. In this study, an action-based ethical theory founded on the combinational aspects of deontological and teleological theories of ethics is used in the construction of an artificial moral agent (AMA). Design/methodology/approachThe decision results derived by the AMA are acquired via fuzzy logic interpretation of the relative values of the steady state simulations of the corresponding RBFCM. FindingsThrough the use of rule based fuzzy cognitive maps, the following paper illustrates the possibility of incorporating ethical components into machines, where LSA and RBFCMs can be used to model dynamic and complex situations, and to provide abilities in acquiring causal knowledge.Research limitations/implicationsThis approach is especially appropriate for data poor and uncertain situations common in ethics. Nonetheless, to ensure that a machine with an ethical component can function autonomously in the world, research in AI will need to further investigate the representation and determination of ethical principles, the incorporation of these ethical principles into a system’s decision procedure, ethical decision making with incomplete and uncertain knowledge, the explanation for decisions made using ethical principles, and the evaluation of systems that act based upon ethical principles.Practical implicationsTo date, the conducted research has contributed to a theoretical foundation for machine ethics through exploration of the rationale and the feasibility of adding an ethical dimension to machines. Further, the constructed artificial moral agent illustrates the possibility of utilizing an action-based ethical theory that provides guidance in ethical decision-making according to the precepts of its respective duties. The use of LSA illustrates their powerful capabilities in understanding text and their potential application as information retrieval systems in artificial moral agents. The use of cognitive maps provides an approach and a decision procedure for resolving conflicts between different duties. Originality/valueSuggesting that cognitive maps could be used in artificial moral agents as tools for meta-analysis, where comparisons regarding multiple ethical principles and duties can be examined and considered. With cognitive mapping, complex and abstract variables that cannot easily be measured but are important to decision-making can be modeled. This approach is especially appropriate for data poor and uncertain situations common in ethics.

Journal

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in SocietyEmerald Publishing

Published: Aug 8, 2016

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month